Advertisement

Sugar Tech

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 1–8 | Cite as

An IPM module for the management of major insect pests of sugarcane in Indian subtropics

  • Saroj Jaipal
Article

Abstract

This paper describes the evaluation of some environmentally sound tactics developed for raising insect-pests damage free sugarcane crop in subtropical India. Six ecology based approaches were employed: timing irrigation and urea application, mechanical removal of damaging stages of pests and crop residues, earthing up, propping of cane stalks, liberation of egg parasitoid (Trichogramma chilonis) and foliar N application. Effects of these were determined on (i) incidence and intensity of four major insect pests namely, shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus), top borer (Scirpophaga excerptalis), stalk borer (Chilo auricilius) and black bug (Cavelerius sweeti), (ii) crop growth function , (iii) control efficiency system and (iv) yield and quality of a number of commercial cane cultivars. Timing irrigation (10 day interval) and application of recommended dose of urea and earthing up during formative phase helped the crop escape shoot borer attack as also improved crop vigour in terms of increase in cane height and millable cane number, which ultimately contributed to higher cane yield than that obtained with insecticide treatment. The timely mechanical removal of top borer infested shoots or its egg masses and adults helped reduce the incidence of most damaging third brood alone by over 50 percent in all the cultivars studied. Apart from being completely safe to the environment the technique involves 3-4 times less (Rs. 150-250/ha) expenditure than the chemical treatment ( Rs. 1000-1500/ha ) and may find easy practicability in areas where labour is plentiful and inexpensive and on small family holdings. Innundative releases of egg parasitoid during July-October and the crop production practices like earthing up and propping of cane stalks which help avoid lodging could curtail stalk borer infestation adequately. The incidence and intensity of black bug in ratoon crop was also reduced between 50-70 percent with a concomitant increase in shoot height simply by removal of plant crop residue and foliar N applications. The cumulative use of these tactics resulted in reduced pest damage (below economic injury level), significantly increased yield (22-36% improved productivity), reduced costs of pest control, conservation of natural enemies maintaining resource quality, avoiding environmental and other risks to human and animals, and helped generate employment for poor and needy (mechanical control of top borer insect).

Keywords

IPM bio-control pest damage shoot borer top borer stalk borer black bug sugarcane 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acharya, R.C., Prasad, S.K. and Khanna, K.L. (1957). Studies in sampling technique: VIII. Estimation of incidence of sugarcane borers in a field.Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., (B)45: 140–148.Google Scholar
  2. Agarwal, R.A. (1980). Integrated control of insect pest complex in sugarcane.Indian Sug.,29: 649–658.Google Scholar
  3. Agarwal, R.A. and Chaudhary, J.P. (1967). Stalk borer-a serious pest of sugarcane.Progressive Fmg.,3: 12.Google Scholar
  4. Agarwal, R.A., J.P. Singhand C.B. Tiwari (1971). Technique for screening of sugarcane varieties resistant to top borer,Scirpophaga nivella. Entomophaga,16: 209–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anon (1994).Ann. Report CCS HAU Regional Research Station, Karnal, India.Google Scholar
  6. Avasthy, P.N. (1977). Integrated control of sugarcane pests and diseases. Sug.News,9: 72–74.Google Scholar
  7. Avasthy, P.N. and Tiwari, N.K. (1986). The shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus Snellen), pp. 68–82. In:Sugarcane Entomology in India. H. David, S. Easwaramoorthy and R. Jayanthi (eds.). Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Coimbatore, India.Google Scholar
  8. Bains, S.S. and Dhaliwal, Z.S. (1983). Outbreak of the sugarcane black bug,Cavelerius excavatus Dist. (Hemiptera: Lygeidae) on ratoon crop of sugarcane in Punjab.Indian J. Ent.,10: 161–163.Google Scholar
  9. Bhardwaj, S.C., Singh, O.P. and Jain, B.K. (1981). Evaluation of some chemosterilants for the control of stalk borer,Chilo auricilius Ddgn.Proc. Nat. Symp. Stalk Borer, Karnal, pp. 77–82.Google Scholar
  10. Carpentier, L.J. and Mathews, R. (1969). Cultural practices in relation to stalk borer infestations in sugarcane.In: Pests of Sugarcane, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  11. Chaudhary, J.P. (1981). Distribution, extent of damage and control of sugarcane stalk borer,Chilo auricilius Ddgn.Proc. Nat. Symp. Stalk Borer, Karnal, pp. 7–19.Google Scholar
  12. Chaudhary, J.P., Bhardwaj, S.C. and Gupta, J.N. (1980). Failure of insecticidal sprays for the control of stalk borer,Chilo auricilius Ddgn.Indian J. Agric. Res.,14: 22–28.Google Scholar
  13. David, H. and Sithananthan, S. (1986). Integrated Pest Management, pp. 459–474. In:Sugarcane Entomology in India. H. David, S. Easwaramoorthy and R. Jayanthi (eds.). Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Coimbatore.Google Scholar
  14. Gupta, B.D. and Avasthy, P.N. (1954). Some recommendations for the control of sugarcane pests in India.Indian Sug.,4: 387–405.Google Scholar
  15. Jaipal, S. (1991). Infestation and severity of damage by black bug,Cavelerius sweeti to shoots of nineteen sugarcane accessions and cultivars.Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars (Annals Applied Biol., 118 Suppl.),12: 120–121.Google Scholar
  16. Jaipal, S. (1995). Biology ofCavelerius sweeti under laboratory conditions.Proc. Silver jubilee Year Seminar on Problems and Prospects of Sugarcane Production in Sub-tropical India, Karnal, pp. 35–36.Google Scholar
  17. Jaipal, S. (1996). Evaluation of the biological control agent (Trichogramma chilonis) against the stalk borer (Chilo auricilius) in sugarcane crops.Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars (Annals Applied Biol. 128),17: 102–103.Google Scholar
  18. Jaipal, S. and Dendsay, J.P.S. (1991). Evaluation of some sugarcane accessions for resistance to shoot borer and for yield and quality attributes.Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars (Annals Applied Biol., 116 Suppl.),11: 113–114.Google Scholar
  19. Jaipal, S. and Dhawan, A.K. (1991). Laboratory studies on the control of sugarcane shoot borer,Chilo infuscatellus by accelerating plant growth past a critical stage.Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars(Annals Applied Biol., 118 Suppl.),12: 24–25.Google Scholar
  20. Jaipal, S. and Dhawan, A.K. (1995). Evaluation of a growth regulator, fertilizer and irrigation treatments for management of shoot borer in sugarcane crop.Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars (Annals Applied Biol., 126 Suppl.),16: 11–12.Google Scholar
  21. Jaipal, S., Chhillar, B.S., Dendsay, J.P.S., Yadav, S.R. and Chaudhary, J.P. (1986). Evaluation of a cane protection schedule against major insect pests of ratoon crop in Haryana.Indian Sug. Crops J.,12: 11–13.Google Scholar
  22. Jaipal, S., Sehtiya, H.L., Dendsay, J.P.S. and Dhawan, A.K. (1991). Reaction of sugarcane accessions and cultivars to shoot borer,Chilo infuscatellus. Tests of Agrochemicals and Cultivars (Annals Applied Biol., 118 Suppl.),12: 118–119.Google Scholar
  23. Kalra, A.N. (1966). Sugarcane pest problems in India.All India Symp. Sug. Dev., Delhi, pp. 1–11.Google Scholar
  24. Kalra, A.N. and Prasad, M. (1980). Assessment of losses caused by top borer of sugarcane.Indian Sug. Crops J.,7: 79–81.Google Scholar
  25. Rajani, V.G. and Paras Nath (1972). Factors affecting the incidence of stalk borer (Chilotraea auricilia) in Western districts of U.P.Indian Sug.,22: 91–95.Google Scholar
  26. Seshagiri Rao, C. and Krishnamurthy, N.M. (1973). Studies on loss in yield of sugarcane due to borer incidence,Chilo infuscatellus Snellen (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera).Indian Sug.,22: 867–868, 871.Google Scholar
  27. Siddiqi, Z.A. and Agarwal, R.A. (1973). Schedule for integrated control of sugarcane pests.Indian Sug., 22: 1–3.Google Scholar
  28. Varma, A. and Mitra Krishna (1981). Recent researches leading to evolve a suitable control programme for stalk borer,Chilo auricilius Ddgn.Proc. Nat. Symp. Stalk Borer, Karnal, pp. 63–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station(Haryana)India

Personalised recommendations