Advertisement

Sugar Tech

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 127–140 | Cite as

Fundamental botanical and agronomical characterisation of sugarcane cultivars for clonal identification and monitoring genetic variations

  • M. E. Wagih
  • Y. Musa
  • A. Ala
Sugarcane

Abstract

Descriptive account of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) cultivar in cultivation, landraces and wild species is fundamental to breeders, researchers and growers for practical and scientific purposes and for the protection of new varieties. A preliminary botanical and agronomical characterisation form was initially developed based on that of Skinner (1972), but with some necessary modification. Additional characters were considered based on International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV, 1998). The descriptor form is based on description of morphological traits and growth characters like stool habit, tops, trashing, drought index, leaf blade and sheath, auricle, dewlap, ligule, internode, node and bud. Twenty six clones of sugarcane varieties were characterised using the preliminary form. The characterisation was conducted during the months of June and July of 1997, when the plants were 10 to 14 months old. Simple tools, figures and a colour code were used in this characterisation. Further improvement to the descriptor form was then considered, and upgraded form model was finally constructed and reported herein. This descriptor model includes a wide range of sugarcane genetic characters considering a rating scale with appropriate intervals to ensure high precision for the identification of clones and their variants, while the model remains flexible for taylor-made modifications.

KEYWORDS

Botanical morphological characterisation Saccharum spp. sugarcane description 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey, R.A. undBechet, G.R. (1989). A comparison of seed cane derived from tissue culture with conventional seed cane.Proc. S. Afri. Sugar Tech. Ass..63: 125–129.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, A.C. (1974). The sugarcane.Leonard Hill, London. p. 20–29.Google Scholar
  3. Blackburn, F.H.B. (1984). Sugarcane.Longman Inc. New York. p. 30–42.Google Scholar
  4. Calderon, H., Besosa, R., Amaya, A., Luna, C.A., Moreno, C.A. andCassalett, C. (1996). Evaluation of sugarcane verieties suitable for early harvesting under tropical conditions.Proc. ISSCT,XXII: 293–297.Google Scholar
  5. Capellades, M., Fontarnau, R., Carulla, C. andDebergh, P. (1990). Environment Influences Anatomy of Stomata and Epidermal Cells in Tissue-cultured Rosa multiflora.J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.,115(1): 141–145.Google Scholar
  6. Clements, F.H. (1980). Sugarcane crop logging and crop control, principles and practices.The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA. p. 48–86.Google Scholar
  7. Cuenya, M.I. andMariotti, J.A. (1984). Selection for erectness in sugarcane hybrid. progenies.Sugar Cane, 3: 1–5.Google Scholar
  8. Daniels, J. (1972). Description of sugarcane clones. 1.Agricultural description. Proc. ISSCT,XIV: 112–119.Google Scholar
  9. Humbert, R.P. (1968). The growing of sugarcane.Elsevier Sci. Publishing Co. New York. p. 31–54.Google Scholar
  10. Hutchinson, P.B. andDaniels, J. (1972). A rating scale for sugarcane characteristic.Proc. ISSCT,XIV: 128–131.Google Scholar
  11. Indriani, Y.H. andSumiarsih, E. (1995). Pembudidayaan tebu di lahan sawah dan tegalan.Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta. p. 19–46.Google Scholar
  12. Kakde, J.R. (1985). Sugarcane production.Renu Printers, New Delhi. p. 54–59.Google Scholar
  13. King, N.J., Mungomery, R.W. andHughes, C.G. (1965). Manual of cane growing.Augus & Robertson Ltd. Melbourne. p. 164–175; 234–253.Google Scholar
  14. Lyndsey, K. andJones, M.G.K. (1989). Consequences of tissue culture-variability and instability. In:Plant Biotechnology in Agriculture. The Biotechnology Series. Open University Press, Milton Keynes, UK. p. 78–93.Google Scholar
  15. Masircvec, S.N., Secor, G.A. andGulya, T.J. (1988). Use of cell-culture to screen sun flower germplasm for resistance toPhomopsis brown/gray stem spot.Plant Cell Rep.,7: 528–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moore, P.H. (1987). Anatomy and Morphology of Sugarcane. p.85–142. In: Heinz, D.J. (Edt.)Sugarcane improvement through breeding (1987). Elsevier Sci. Publishing. Co. New York.Google Scholar
  17. Nagai, C., Ahloowai, B.S., Heinz, D.J. andTew, T.L. (1986). Colchicine-induced a new ploids from cell culture of sugarcane. p.343–360.In: Heinz, D.J. (Edt.)Sugarcane improvement through breeding (1987). Elsevier Sci. Publishing. Co. New York.Google Scholar
  18. Paleg, L.G. andAspinal, D. (Eds.) (1981). The physiology and biochemistry of drought resistance in plants.Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Rosario, E.L., Tapay, R.E. andDosado, V. (1978). Leaf growth characteristics of three sugarcane varieties at different population densities and levels of nitrogen fertilisation.Proc. ISSCT,XVI: 1527–1537.Google Scholar
  20. Sankaranarayanan, P., Natarajan, B.V. andMarimuthammal, S. (1986). Sugarcane varieties under cultivation in India, Their Morphological Descriptions and Agricultural Characteristics,ICAR, New Delhi. p. 3–53.Google Scholar
  21. Skinner, J.C. (1972). Description of sugarcane clones. 3. Botanical description.Proc. ISSCT,XIV: 124–127.Google Scholar
  22. Skinner, J.C., Hogarth, D.M. andWu, K.K. (1987). Selection methods, criteria, and indices of sugarcane. p. 409–453.In: Heinz, D.J. (Edt.)Sugarcane improvement through breeding. Elsevier Sci. Publishing. Co. New York.Google Scholar
  23. Sweby, D.L., Huckctt, B.I. andBotha, S.C. (1994). Minimising somaclonal variations in tissues cultures of sugarcane.Proc. S. African Sugar Tech. Ass.,71: 46–50.Google Scholar
  24. UPOV (1998). Draft test Guidelines for sugarcane.Union Internationale Pour La Protection Des Obtentions Vegetales (UPOV), Geneva, Switzerland. p. 3–30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Biotechnology CentreThe University of TechnologyPNG
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureHasanuddin UniversityIndonesia

Personalised recommendations