Sugar Tech

, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 153–156 | Cite as

Field trials with cotesia flavipes cameron against sugarcane borers in sub tropical india

  • R. K. Tanwar
  • Ashok Varma
Short Communications


Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera : Braconidae), an important gregarious larval endoparasitoid of sugarcane borers, is widely distributed in different cane growing regions in India with its range of parasitisation from 4.0 to 21.6 per cent. Field trials were conducted on the releases of Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Indonesian strain) against sugarcane stalk (Chilo auricilius Dudg.) and internode (Chilo sacchariphagus indicus Kapur) borers in RBD and blocks trial at IISR Farm, Lucknow from July to November during 1992–93 to 1998–99 crop seasons. The field trials conducted on the releases of the parasitoid in RBD @800, 1600 and 2400 mated females /ha/ month split into four doses indicated reduction in the infestation of C. auricilius in all the parasitoid released treatments as compared to check. In the trials conducted in small blocks (54 X 70 m2) on the release of the parasitoid @1600 and 2000 mated females /ha/ month indicated a significant reduction in the infestation of C. s. indicus (28.4%) and C. auricilius (52.9 %) during 1993–94 and 1996–97, respectively. The large scale trials (54 X 180 m2) conducted during 1997–98 and 1998–99 on the releases of the parasitoid @2000 mated females /ha/ month split into four doses i.e. 500 mated females/ha at weekly interval from July to November indicated a reduction of 69.6 and 43.1 per cent, respectively, in stalk borer infestation in the month of October in parasitoid released block as compared to check.

Key words

Chilo auricilius Chilo sacchariphagus indicus Cotesia flavipes parasitoid field releases 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alam, M.M., Bennett, F. andCarl, K.P. 1971. Biological control ofDiatraea saccharalis (F) in Barbados byApantales flavipes Cam. andLixophaga diataeae T.Entomophaga. 16: 151–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Maliky, S.K. andAl-Izzi, M.A.Z. 1990. The progeny production of a hymenopterous parasitoid,Apanteles sp. group ultar, as affected by temperature.Entomnphaga,35: 217–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bindra, O.S. and Chand, N. 1973. Studies on the life cycle ofApanteles flavipes (Cameron) and trial with it for controlling the Gurdaspur borer of sugarcaneBissetia steniellus (Hampson) in the Punjab.Indian Sugar,23.Google Scholar
  4. Borah, B.K. andArya, M.P. 1995. Natural parasitisation of sugarcane plassey borer (Chilo tumidicostalis Hampsn.) by braconid larval parasitoid in Assam.Annals of Agricultural Research 16: 362–363.Google Scholar
  5. Fuchs, T.W., Huffman, F.R. andSmith, J. 1979. Introduction and establishment ofApanteles flavipes (Hym:Braconidae) onDiatraea saccharalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) in TexasEntomophaga,24: 109–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta, B.D. 1954. A note on the scope of biological control of sugarcane pests.Proceedings of Second Biennial Conference of Sugarcane Research and Development Workers, India,2: 229–35.Google Scholar
  7. Kalra, A.N. and Srivastava, R.C. 1966. Biologyof Apanteles flavipes Cam. (Braconidae: Hymenoptera) a parasite of moth borers of sugarcane, under micro- eciological conditios.Proc. V All India Conf.Sug.Cane Res.Works., Coimbatore (Madras) pp. 605–609Google Scholar
  8. Macedo, N., Mendonca Filho, A.F., Moreno, J.A. andPinazza, A.H. 1984. Evaluation of economic advantages of 10 years of biological control ofDiatraea spp.. throughApanteles flavipes Cameron, in the state of Alagoas (Brazil).Entomological Newsletter,16: 9–10Google Scholar
  9. Shenhmar, M. andBrar, K.S. 1996. Efficacy of two strains ofCotesia flavipes (Cameron) on the control of sugarcane borer.Indian Sugar45: 877–879.Google Scholar
  10. Suasa-ard, W. andCharernson, K. 1999. Success ofCotesia flavipes (Cameron) for biological control of sugarcane moth borers in Thailand.Proc. ISSCT Congress,23: 559–568Google Scholar
  11. Tanwar, R.K. andVarma, A. 1996. Rearing, biology and storage of Indonesian strain ofCotesia flavipes (Cameron) using sugarcane stalk borerChilo auricilius Dudgeon as a host.Journal of Biological Control,10: 61–66.Google Scholar
  12. Tanwar, R.K. andVarma, A. 2000. Efficacy ofCotesia flavipes (Indonesian strain) against sugarcane borers.Indian J. Sug. Cane Technol. 15(2): 79–81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Tanwar
    • 1
  • Ashok Varma
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of EntomologyIndian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchLucknow-226 002, Uttar PradeshIndia

Personalised recommendations