Sugar Tech

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 319–322 | Cite as

Juice chemical components and technological characteristics of some promising midlate sugarcane clones

  • P. Rakkiyappan
  • S. Thangavelu
  • R. M. Shanthi
  • R. Radhamani
Short Communication


Thirteen midlate sugarcane clones were studied for their juice chemical constituents and other technological characteristics. Juice samples were analysed for phosphorus, ash, potassium, mud volume, settling time and reducing sugars. Pol % cane, fibre % cane and juice volume per kg of cane were also determined. Significant differences among clones were observed in pol % cane, reducing sugars, phosphorus, potassium, juice volume and fibre % cane. Clonal variations with respect to juice ash content, mud volume and settling time were absent. Co 94005, Co 92020, Co 95007, Co 95003 and Co 95006 were identified as better clones with high pol % cane, juice volume and juice phosphorus with low juice potassium, fibre % cane and reducing sugars. High fibre clone 85 R 186 could be exploited for cogeneration.


Sugarcane pol % cane fibre % cane juice characteristics mud volume settling time fibre per cent 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anil, G. (1978). Phospholipids in sugarcane juice and their fate during process of clarification.Indian Sug.,28: 423.Google Scholar
  2. Bhargawa, J.C. (1988). Clarification of juice and its control in India.Bharatiya Sug.,13(5): 9–20.Google Scholar
  3. Chiranjivi Rao, K and Asokan, S. (1974). Alkaline potassium ferricyanide method (colorimetric) for the determination of reducing sugars in cane juice.Indian. Sug.,23: 951–954.Google Scholar
  4. Garrucho, S.S. and Raminanthan, T. (1971). A study on the phosphorus uptake in ralation to clarification of sugarcane varieties in Binalbagan loam soil.Sug. News,47: 599–603.Google Scholar
  5. Iqbal, K, Godshall, M.A. and Andrews, L. (2002). Mill house operation: Composition of juice from individual mills.J. Am. Soc. Sugarcane Technologists,22: 139–140.Google Scholar
  6. Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil Chemical Analysis. Asia Publishing House, Madras.Google Scholar
  7. Kaur, B., Singh, T. and Kaur, H. (1995). Recent advances in the processing and preservation of sugarcane juice [In Sugarcane Agro-Industrial Alternatives. Eds. G.B. Singh & S. Solomon, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co Pvt, Ltd, New Delhi] 325–331.Google Scholar
  8. Londhe, M.B., Bhosale, R.N. and Jenekar, G.M. 2002. Mud trouble in sulphitation sugar mills part III. Effect of bagacillo, phosphate content and dissolved solid concentraiton on mud settling.Bharatiya Sug.,27(3): 25–36.Google Scholar
  9. Meade, G.P. and Chen, J.C.P. (1977). Cane Sugar Hand Book. John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Mishra, A., Hemant Dubey and Shukla, S.P. (2000). Fate of inorganic constituents during clarification of juice.Proc. Ann. Conv. Sug. Tech. Assoc. India. 62: M 121–129.Google Scholar
  11. Perumal, K. (1982). Sugarcane juice nutrients and sugar content,Maharashtra Sug.,7(11): 29–32.Google Scholar
  12. Perumal, K. (1999). Comparative quality of cane and natural sugar of cane grown with organic and chemical base.Proc. Sug. Tech. Assoc, India,61: A 88–93.Google Scholar
  13. Sens, V., and Decagny, G. (2001). Comparing cane varieties for some factors that affect sugar processing.Proc. Int. Soc. Sugarcane Tech.,24: 66–73.Google Scholar
  14. Sharma, S.C., Johary, P.C. and Rao, G.S.C. (1979). Some observations on the chemical composition of the cane juice of different promising varieties grown in North Bihar conditions and their clarification characteristics.Indian Sug.,29: 141–147.Google Scholar
  15. Shukla, M.S. and Rana, N.P. (1999). Study of mud problem in flood affected cane.Proc. Ann. Conv. Sug. Tech. Assoc. India.61: M 14–22.Google Scholar
  16. Singh, K. and Buttar, G.S. (2002). Effect of cane wax on cane juice settling, turbidity and ICUMSA colour.Co-op. Sug.,34(3): 193–195.Google Scholar
  17. Stevenson, N.M., Megrath, G.J. and Stathoum, M.K. (1970). A potash survey in the pioneer mill area. Proc. Conf. Queensland Sug. Tech., 38–39.Google Scholar
  18. Thangavelu, S. and Chiranjivi Rao, K. (1982). Comparison of Rapi pol extractor and cutex cane shredder methods for direct determination of fibre inSaccharum clones. Proc. Ann. Conv. Sug. Tech. Assoc. India.46: C 15–21.Google Scholar
  19. Vallimuthu, S. (1986). Evaluation of certain short duration hybrid clones ofSaccharum for yield, juice composition and gur quality, M.Sc. (Ag), Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agric. Univ. Coimabtore.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Rakkiyappan
    • 1
  • S. Thangavelu
    • 1
  • R. M. Shanthi
    • 1
  • R. Radhamani
    • 1
  1. 1.Sugarcane Breeding InstituteCoimbatore - 641 007

Personalised recommendations