Uptake and genotoxic effects of ochratoxin A in cultured porcine urinary bladder epithelial cells
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Uptake of radiolabelled ochratoxin A (OTA) into porcine urinary bladder epithelial cells (PUBEC) was measured at neutral (pH 7.5) or acidic (pH 5.0) conditions. Genotoxicity of OTA was evaluated with the Comet assay and cytotoxicity with the neutral red uptake assay.
At acidic pH-conditions, the bladder cells were able to take up more OTA than at neutral conditions. Cytotoxic effects were not increased at pH 5.0 compared to pH 7.5, but higher OTA uptake correlated with stronger genotoxic effects in the Comet assay at pH 5.0 compared to pH 7.5.
These results demonstrate that uptake of OTA has to be regarded as an important factor for the toxicity of OTA as adverse effects depend on the amount of OTA taken up by the cells.
Keywordsochratoxin A uptake urinary bladder
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