Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 105–111 | Cite as

A practical approach to the quantification of valvular regurgitation

Valvular Heart Disease


This article reviews the methods of determining the severity of mitral and aortic regurgitation, primarily the quantitation using Doppler echocardiography. The Doppler methods, including spatial mapping, proximal flow convergence, vena contracta, continuous-wave Doppler density, and upstream or downstream effects are explained. Various practical pitfalls and performance issues that impact the reliability of these techniques are discussed.


Pulmonary Vein Mitral Regurgitation Aortic Regurgitation Severe Mitral Regurgitation Valvular Regurgitation 


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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiovascular MedicineThe Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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