Daily dose of interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection: a randomised controlled study
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The treatment of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection remains disappointing.
In 1999, we started a multicentre study comparing two regimens of recombinant interferon (IFN) alpha-2b plus ribavirin. Group A (90 patients) received ribavirin plus IFN alpha-2b 5 MU/day for 1 month (induction therapy) followed by IFN alpha-2b 5 MU thrice weekly for 5 months. Group B (85 patients) received ribavirin plus IFN alpha-2b 5 MU thrice weekly for 6 months. Responders in both arms received IFN alpha-2b 3 MU thrice weekly for a further 6 months. A followup evaluation was performed at 18 months.
One hundred and seventy-five consecutive treatment-naive patients with HCV genotype 1 infection were enrolled in the study. A sustained virological response (SVR) was obtained in 51 (29%) patients: 28 in group A (31%) and 23 in group B (27%). HCV-RNA clearance was greater at 3 months among patients who received induction therapy (57 vs 39%; p <0.02). Age, sex, and initial viral load did not influence the achievement of a SVR. HCV clearance at the end of the study was lower in cirrhotic patients (3/26 vs 48/149; p<0.05). The only SVR in patients with cirrhosis occurred in those from group A (p<0.05). Both regimens were well tolerated.
This study confirms the low rate of SVR in treatment-naive patients with HCV genotype 1 infection treated with IFN alpha-2b plus ribavirin. A 4-week induction regimen was slightly superior to standard IFN alpha-2b plus ribavirin. Although the number of patients with cirrhosis was low, induction therapy seemed to be more effective in cirrhotics. Given its safety and tolerability, the induction regimen evaluated here may be a therapeutic option in treatment-naive patients with HCV genotype 1 infection
Key wordschronic hepatitis C cirrhosis genotype 1 induction therapy
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