Advertisement

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 799–807 | Cite as

Microbial Upgrading of Shale Oils Removal of Nitriles

  • Jackie Aislabie
  • Ronald M. Atlas
Scientific Note Session 4 Biological processing of fossil fuels

Abstract

After prolonged incubation on shale oil as the sole source of nitrogen, microbial cultures were obtained that degraded nitriles. These cultures degraded aliphatic nitriles, but did not degrade hydrocarbons or heterocyclic nitrogen compounds found in this oil. Lower-molecular-weight nitriles were biodegraded more rapidly than were higher-molecular-weight nitriles. AP. aeruginosa strain, isolated from one of the enrichments, was able to utilize the pure nitriles, undecyl cyanide, undecanenitrile, and stearonitrile as sole sources of carbon and nitrogen, and was able to remove the series of nitriles from the oil in pure culture.

Index Entries

Nitrile biodegradation shale oil microbial upgrading biotechnology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aislabie, J. and Atlas, R. M. (1988),Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54, 2197–2202.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fedorak, P. M. and Westlake, D. W. S. (1984),Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 47, 858–862.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Finnerty, W. R. (1982),Energy technology: Proceedings of the ninth energy technology conference, (Hill, R. F., ed.), Government Institutes, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Finnerty, W. R., Shockley, K., and Attaway, H. (1982), Microbial enhanced oil recovery, (Zajic, J. E., Cooper, D. C, Jack, T. R., and Kosaric, N., (eds.), PennWell Books, Tulsa, OK.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hartdegen, F. J., Coburn, J. M., and Roberts, R. L. (1984),Chem. Eng. Prog. 80, 63–67.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Monticello, D. J. and Finnerty, W. R. (1985),Ann. Rev. Microbiol 39, 371–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harvey, T. G., Matheson, T. W., Pratt, K. C, and Stanborough, M. S. (1984), Proceedings of the 2nd Australian Workshop on Oil Shale. CSIRO Division of Energy Chemistry, Sutherland, Australia.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baker, L. A. and Wright, B. C. (1987), Proceedings of the 4th Australian workshop on oil shale, Brisbane. CSIRO Division of Energy Chemistry, Menai, Australia.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bett, G., Harvey, T. G., Matheson, T. W., and Pratt, K. C. (1983),Fuel 62, 1445–1454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Harvey, T. G., Matheson, T. W., and Pratt, K. C. (1986), Proceedings of the 3rd Australian workshop on oil shale, Lucas Heights, CSIRO Division of Energy Chemistry, Menai, Australia.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Asano, Y., Fujishiro, K., Tani, Y., and Yamada, H. (1982),Agric. Biol Chem. 46, 1165–1174.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Asano, Y., Tachibana, M., Tani, Y., and Yamada, H. (1982),Agric. Biol. Chem. 46, 1175–1181.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Collins, P. A. and Knowles, C. J. (1983),J. Gen. Microbiol. 129, 711–718.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kuwahara, M., Yanase, H., Ishida, Y., and Kikuchi, Y. (1980),J. Ferment. Technol. 58, 573–578.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Linton, E. A. and Knowles, C. J. (1986),J. Gen. Microbiol. 132, 1493–1501,Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Thiery, A., Maestracci, M., Arnaud, A., and Galzy, P. (1986),Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. 141, 575–582.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yanase, H., Sakai, T., and Tonomura, K. (1985),J. Ferment. Technol. 63, 193–198.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Evans, E. J., Batts, B. D., Cant, N. W., and Smith, J. W. (1985),Org. Geochem. 8, 367–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Harvey, T. G., Matheson, T. W., and Pratt, K. C. (1984),Anal. Chem. 56, 1277–1281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Regtop, R. A., Crisp, P. T., and Ellis, J. (1982),Fuel 61, 185–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rovere, C. E., Crisp, P. T., Ellis, J., and Bolton, P. D. (1983),Fuel 62, 1273–1281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Haines, J. and Alexander, M. (1974),Appl. Microbiol. 28, 1084–1085.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Singer, M. E. and Finnerty, W. R. (1984),Petroleum Microbiology, (Atlas, R. M., ed.), Macmillan, NY.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shukla, O. P. (1986),Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 51, 1332–1342.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jackie Aislabie
    • 1
  • Ronald M. Atlas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of LouisvilleLouisville

Personalised recommendations