Advertisement

Intereconomics

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 147–156 | Cite as

Restructuring Europe’s Rustbelt

The case of the German Ruhrgebiet
  • Gert-Jan Hospers
Articles Re-Industrialisation

Abstract

With the enlargement of the European Union its “Rustbelt”, the mosaic of regions traditionally specialised in heavy industries such as coal and steel, will also be enlarged. The new member states in Eastern Europe have many regions that face industrial decline and need to be restructured. What can these traditional industrial areas learn from the case of the German Ruhrgebiet, one of Europe’s most prominent examples of regional industrial restructuring?

Keywords

Industrial Region Technology Centre Unrelated Diversification Local Party Ruhr Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. Hayter: The Dynamics of Industrial Location, Chichester 1997, John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Cooke (ed.): The Rise of the Rustbelt, London 1995, UCL Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    IPTS (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies): The Competitiveness Map: Avenues for Growth, Sevilla 1999, IPTS; G. Hutschenreiter, M. Knell, S. Radosevic: Restructuring Systems of Innovation in Countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Cheltenham 1999, Edward Elgar; W. Meske, K.M. Weber: European Union enlargement: economic restructuring in candidate countries and the role of technological change and education, in: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 28, 2001, pp. 154–168.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Cooke (ed.), op. cit.; R. Hayter, op. cit.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet): The Ruhrgebiet: Facts and Figures, Essen 2002, KVR.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. Pohl, L. Ponthöfer: Innovationsraum Ruhrgebiet, Berlin 2002, Cornelsen.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet), op. cit..Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Lagendijk, H. van Houtum: Contextualising regional identity and imagination in the construction of polycentric urban regions: the cases of the Ruhr Area and Basque Country, in: Urban Studies, Vol. 38, 2001, pp. 747–768; KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet): Das Ruhrgebiet: Landeskundliche Betrachtung des Strukturwandels einer europäischen Region, Essen 2002, KVR.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Goch: Betterment without airs: social, cultural and political consequences of the deindustrialization in the Ruhr Area, in: International Review of Social History, 2002, Vol. 3, p. 91.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Goch. op. cit..Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. J. Bade, A. Niebuhr: Zur Stabilität des räumlichen Strukturwandels, University of Dortmund, Institute for Spatial Planning, Working Paper No. 158, 1998.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Goch. op. cit..Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Projekt Ruhr: The Ruhrgebiet, Essen 2002, Projekt Ruhr GMBH.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Hassink: Regional Innovation Policy: Case-Studies from the Ruhr Area, Baden Württemberg and the North East of England, Utrecht 1992, University of Utrecht; W. Pohl, L. Ponthöfer, op. cit.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. Pohl, L. Ponthöfer, op. cit.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. R. Krugman: Geography and Trade, Cambridge (MA) 1991, MIT Press; R. A. Boschma, J. G. Lambooy: Evolutionary economics and economic geography, in: Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Vol. 9, 1999, pp. 411–429.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. Grabher (ed.): The Embedded Firm: On the Socio-Economios of Industrial Networks, London 1993, Routledge; R. Hassink: What distinguishes ‘good’ from ‘bad’ industrial agglomerations, in: Erdkunde, Vol. 51, 1997, pp. 2–11.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Granovetter: The strength of weak ties, in: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 78, pp. 360–1380; see also G. Grabher (ed.), op. cit.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Ache: Wirtschaft im Ruhrgebiet, University of Dortmund, Institute for Spatial Planning, Working Paper No. 123, 1994.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Schönert: Umweltwirtschaft als Hoffnung für altindustrielle Regionen? Chancen und Risiken für die Regionalentwicklung, University of Dortmund, Institute for Spatial Planning, Working Paper No. 141, 1995.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Kilper, G. Wood: Restructuring policies: the Emscher Park International Building Exhibition, in: P. Cooke (ed.): The Rise of the Rustbelt, London 1995, UCL Press, pp. 208–230.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    NRW.USA Economic Development Corporation: Dortmund: IT Center of Excellence in Nordrhein-Westfalen, New York 2002, NRW.USA; KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet): Das Ruhrgebiet: Landeskundliche Betrachtung..., op. cit. Dortmund: IT Center of Excellence in Nordrhein-Westfalen, New York 2002, NRW.USA.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Schönert, op. cit.; W. Pohl, L. Ponthöfer, op. cit.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Schönert, op. cit.; KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet): Das Ruhrgebiet: Landeskundliche Betrachtung..., op. cit.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Internationale Bauaustellung Emscher Park GMBH (IBA): Die Erfahrungen der IBA Emscher Park: Programmbausteine für die Zukunft, Gelsenkirchen 1999, IBA.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
    J. Jacobs: The Death and Life of Great American Cities, New York 1961, Random House.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. Kirkwood (ed.): Manufactured Sites: Rethinking the PostIndustrial Landscape, London 2001, Spon Press; G. J. Hospers: Industrial heritage tourism and regional restructuring in the European Union, in: European Planning Studies, Vol. 10, 2002, pp. 397–404.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. Lagendijk, H. van Houtum, op. cit.; KVR (Kommunalverband Ruhrgebiet): Das Ruhrgebiet: Landeskundliche Betrachtung..., op. cit.; W. Knapp: The Rhine-Ruhr Area in transformation: towards a European metropolitan region?, in: European Planning Studies, Vol. 6, 1998, pp. 379–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    F. A. von Hayek: Individualism and Economic Order, Chicago 1948, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© HWWA and Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert-Jan Hospers
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Saxion Universities for Applied SciencesThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations