The time course of production of odorous compounds,i.e. geosmin and oxolones, and of avermectins was determined during the cultivation ofS. avermitilis in flasks, 1- and 50-L fermentors. The amount of the antibiotics increased with increasing cultivation time up to more than 2 g/L while the concentration of geosmin rose to more than 4 mg/L. Cultivation without reflux condenser resulted in a lower product formation due to the higher stripping of geosmin. A relatively tight correlation was found between the production of geosmin and the production of avermectins. The production of oxolones peaked on cultivation days 3–5, the sum of oxolones being 60 µg/L. Subsequently, the production dropped below a measurable level. This can be explained as being due to the inhibition of oxolone production by geosmin.
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