Enhancing transfection efficiency using polyethylene glycol grafted polyethylenimine and fusogenic peptide
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This study presents a new formulation method for improving DNA transfection efficiency using a fusogenic peptide and polyethylene glycol grafted polyethylenimine. Succinimidyl succinate polyethylene glycol (PEG-SSA) was conjugated with polyethylenimine (PEI). PEI is well known for a good endosomal escaping and DNA condensing agent. The positively charged synthetic fusogenic peptide, KALA, was coated on the negatively charged PEG-g-PEI/DNA and PEI/DNA complexes. The KALA/PEI/DNA complexes exhibited aggregation behavior at higher KALA coating amounts with an effective diameter of around 1,000 nm. However, the KALA/PEG-g-PEI/DNA complexes were 100–300 nm in size with a surface zeta-potential (ζ) value of about +20 mV. The conjugated PEG molecules suppressed any KALA-mediated inter-particle aggregation, and thereby improved the transfection efficiency. Consequently, the transfection efficiency of the KALA/PEG-g-PEI/DNA complexes was obtained by utilizing both the fusogenic activity of KALA and the steric repulsion effect of PEC.
KeywordsKALA polyethylene glycol (PEG) polyethylenimine (PEI) a DNA delivery system
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