Effective production of chitinase and chitosanase byStreptomyces griseus HUT 6037 using colloidal chitin and various degrees of deacetylation of chitosan
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The advantages of the organismStreptomyces griseus HUT 6037 is that the chitinase and chitosanase using chitinaceouse substrate are capable of hydrolyzing both amorphous and crystalline chitin and chitosan. We attempted to investigate the optimization of induction protocol for high-level production and secretion of chitosanase and the influence of chitin and partially deacetylated chitosan sources (75–99% deactylation). The maximum specific activity of chitinase has been found at 5 days cultivation with the 48 hours induction time using colloidal chitin as a carbon source. To investigate characteristic of chitosan activity according to substrate, we used chitosan with various degree of deacetylation as a carbon source and found that this strain accumulates chitosanase in the culture medium using chitosanaceous substrates rather than chitinaceous substrates. The highest chitosanase activity was also presented on 4 days with 99% deacetylated chitosan.
The partially 53% deacetylated chitosan can secrete both chitinase and chitosanase which was defined as a soluble chitosan. The specific activities of chitinase and chitosanase were 0.89 at 3 days and 1.33 U/mg protein at 5 days, respectively. It indicate that chitosanase obtained fromS. griseus HUT 6037 can hydrolyze GlcNAc-GlcN and GlcN-GlcN linkages by exo-splitting manner. This activity increased with increasing degree of deacetylation of chitosan. It is the first attempt to investigate the effects of chitosanase on various degrees of deacetylations of chitosan byS. griseus HUT 6037. The highest specific activity of chitosanase was obtained with 99% deacetylated chitosan.
Key wordsStreptomyces griseus HUT 6037 chitinase/chitosanase reducing sugar soluble chitosan deacetylated chitosan induction time
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