Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 378–384 | Cite as

Production of vanillin from ferulic acid using recombinant strains ofEscherichia coli

  • Sang-Hwal Yoon
  • Cui Li
  • Young-Mi Lee
  • Sook-Hee Lee
  • Sung-Hee Kim
  • Myung-Suk Choi
  • Weon-Taek Seo
  • Jae-Kyung Yang
  • Jae-Yeon Kim
  • Seon-Won Kim


Vanillin is one of the world's principal flavoring compounds, and is used extensively in the food industry. The potential vanillin production of the bacteria was compared to select and clone genes which were appropriate for highly productive vanillin production byE. coli. Thefcs (feruloyl-CoA synthetase) andech (enoyl-CoA hydratase/aldolase) genes cloned fromAmycolatopsis sp. strain HR104 andDelftia acidovorans were introduced to pBAD24 vector with PBAD promoter and were named pDAHEF and pDDAEF, respectively. We observed 160 mg/L vanillin production withE. coli harboring pDAHEF, whereas 10 mg/L of vanillin was observed with pDDAEF. Vanillin production was optimized withE. coli harboring pDAHEF. Induction of thefcs andech genes from pDAHEF was optimized with the addition of 13.3 mM arabinose at 18 h of culture, from which 450 mg/L of vanillin was produced. The feeding time and concentration of ferulic acid were also optimized by the supplementation of 0.2% ferulic acid at 18 h of culture, from which 500 mg/L of vanillin was obtained. Under the above optimized condition of arabinose induction and ferulic acid supplementation, vanillin production was carried out with four different types of media, M9, LB, 2YT, and TB. The highest vanillin production, 580 mg/L, was obtained with LB medium, a 3.6 fold increase in comparison to the 160 mg/L obtained before the optimization of vanillin production.


vanillin ferulic acid metabolic engineering recombinantE. coli 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang-Hwal Yoon
    • 1
  • Cui Li
    • 1
  • Young-Mi Lee
    • 1
  • Sook-Hee Lee
    • 2
  • Sung-Hee Kim
    • 1
  • Myung-Suk Choi
    • 3
  • Weon-Taek Seo
    • 4
  • Jae-Kyung Yang
    • 3
  • Jae-Yeon Kim
    • 2
    • 6
  • Seon-Won Kim
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Food Science & NutritionGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea
  2. 2.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21)Gyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea
  3. 3.Division of Forest ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea
  4. 4.Department of Food ScienceJinju National UniversityJinjuKorea
  5. 5.Institute of Agriculture and Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea
  6. 6.Environmental Biotechnology National Core Research CenterGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuKorea

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