International Journal of Pancreatology

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 187–197 | Cite as

Influence of bile flow obstruction vs bile diversion on pancreatic secretion in the conscious rat

  • Hironoshin Kurosawa
  • Kyoko Miyasaka
  • Kenichi Kitani


Changes in pancreatic exocrine functions were compared between conscious rats with bile duct ligation and bile diversion from the duodenum on the first, third, fifth, and seventh postoperative days. Body weight was significantly decreased with time in both groups. Basal secretions of fluid, bicarbonate, and protein remained unchanged throughout the experimental period in bile duct ligated rats, whereas in bile diverted rats, the basal bicarbonate secretion with returning of pancreatic juice to the duodenum increased on the third postoperative day, and the basal protein output significantly increased with time. Basal secretions with returning of pancreatic juice to the duodenum in both groups were higher than that in control (bile and pancreatic juice returned to the intestine) rats. Stepwise increases in fluid and bicarbonate outputs responding to the graded doses of secretin were observed in bile duct ligated rats on the first and third postoperative days, as has been observed in bile diverted rats. However, on the fifth and seventh postoperative days, stepwise responses to graded doses of secretin were no longer observed in bile duct ligated rats. The pancreatic response to cerulein was greater in bile diverted rats than in bile duct ligated rats. Plasma CCK concentration in 7-d bile duct ligated rats (4.7 pM) was significantly higher than that in 7-d bile diverted rats (1.6 pM), although the pancreatic wet weight, protein concentration, and total content were comparable for the two groups. It was suggested that the presence of bile in the duodenum is required to maintain normal pancreatic secretion, and that the removal of bile from the intestine has quite different effects, depending on whether the bile flow is obstructed or diverted.

Key Words

Pancreas bile diversion jaundice rat 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hironoshin Kurosawa
    • 1
  • Kyoko Miyasaka
    • 2
  • Kenichi Kitani
    • 2
  1. 1.First Department of Internal MedicineTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyo-113Japan
  2. 2.Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of GerontologyFirst Laboratory of Clinical PhysiologyTokyo-173Japan

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