Advertisement

Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 316–320 | Cite as

Stomatal and cuticular transpiration of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris M.) attacked by rust (Uromyces appendiculatus [Pers.] Link)

  • Cesare Sempio
  • Ondrej Majerník
  • Vittorio Raggi
Article

Abstract

The changes of stomatal and cuticular transpiration of bean plants were investigated by graphical transpiration curves method (Slavík 1958). Bean leaves were infected by fungusUromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Link. After the infection the intensity of stomatal transpiration had a decreasing tendency. Beginning with the sixth day after infection, the proportion of stomatal and cuticular transpirations becomes more expressive, i.e. the leaves transpire more by cuticles than by stomata. The higher share of cuticular transpiration brings extensive water relations to the diseased plants.

Keywords

Diseased Leaf Healthy Leaf Bean Leave Plant Water Relation Infected Leave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Stomatáha a kutikulárna transpirácia fazule napadnutej hrdzou

Устьичная и кутикулярная транспирация у фасоли зараженной ржавчипой

Abstract

Metodou podl'aSlavíka (1958) boli sledované zmeny v intezite stomatárnej a kutikulárnej transpirácie fazule infikovanej hubouUromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Link. Intenzita stomatárnej transpirácie klesá od začiatku až do konca patogenézy choroby hrdze. Pomer intenzity kutikulárnej a stomatárnej transpirácie sa zvýrazňuje a ku koncu patogenézy je obrátený, tj. listy transpirujú viac kutikulou ako prieduchami. Vyšší podiel kutikulárnej transpirácie zavádza v ratline extenzívne hospodárenie s vodou.

Abstract

Методом по Славику (1958) исследовались изменения интенсивности устьичной и кутикулярной транспирации у фасоли зараженнойUromyces appendiculatus (Pers.)Link. Интенсивность устьичной транспирации понижается в течении патогенеза ржавчины. Отношение интенеивности кутикулярной транспирации к устьичной становится к концу патогенеза обратным, т. е. транспирация больше происходит кутикулой, чем устьицами. Повяшение кутикулярной транспирации приводит к образованию экстензивного: водного режима в растении.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Hygen, G.: Studies in plant transpiration II.—Physiol. Plant.6: 106, 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Larcher, W.: Zur Frage des Zusammenhanges zwischen Austrocknungsresistenz und Frosthärte bei Immergrünen.—Protoplasma57: 569–587, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Majerník, O.: Water balance changes of barley infected byErysiphe graminis D. C. f. sp.hordei Marchal.—Phytopath. Ztschr.53: 145–153, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rufelt, H., Jarvis, P. G., Jarvis, M. S.: Some effects of temperature on transpiration.— Physiol. Plant.16: 177–185, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sempio, C., Majerník, O., Raggi, V.: Water loss and stomatal behaviour of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) infected byUromyces appendiculatus (Pers.) Link.—Biológia21: 99–104 1966.Google Scholar
  6. Slavík, B.: Grafické stanovení intensity průduchové a kutikulární složky transpirace rostlin. [Graphical determination of the intensity of stomatal and cuticular transpiration in plants.]— Čs. Biol.7: 347–351, 1958.Google Scholar
  7. Wojciechowski, J., Zielińska, D.: Transpiracja lnu i jeczmenia. [Transpiration of flax and barley.]—Roczniki Wyzszej Szkoly Rolniczej w Poznaniu15: 305–318, 1963.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cesare Sempio
    • 1
  • Ondrej Majerník
    • 2
  • Vittorio Raggi
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Patologia Vegetale di Universitá PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Institut of Natural History Teachers Training College NitraNitra

Personalised recommendations