, Volume 7, Issue 8, pp 234–236 | Cite as

Discrimination by shipping conferences?

  • Wolfgang Wagner
Development Spectrum


Shipping conferences have for years been under heavy attacks from developing countries. It was with a view to finding out whether there was any justification for these grievances that the HWWA-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung — Hamburg (The Hamburg Institute for International Economics) prepared a wide-ranging inquiry for the Federal Ministry of Transport, the most important results of which are summarised in the following article.


Shipping Company Shipping Line Freight Rate Hamburg Institute Development Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© HWWA and Springer-Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Wagner
    • 1
  1. 1.Hamburg

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