, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 28–35 | Cite as

The “new” horizontal agreements approach in the EU: An “economic” assessment

  • Hans Maks
Horizontal Agreements


Policy Instrument Competition Policy Environmental Goal Antitrust Authority Antitrust Policy 
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  1. 1.
    Regulation Nos. 2658/2000 and 2659/2000 OJL 304, 05.12.2000, p. 3 and p. 7 respectively.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See OJC 3, 06.01.2001, p. 2.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See e.g. the 1969 London edition. For an overview of the development of the economic motive and principle in economics, see J. A. H. Maks: The Evolution of the Economic Principle and Motive towards a Creative Homo Agens, in: J. G. Backhaus: Evolutionary Economic Thought, European Contributions and Concepts, Cheltenham 2002, Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Lionel Robbins, op. cit., pp. 16, 24 and 93.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Ibid., Lionel Robbins, p. 46.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Ibid., Lionel Robbins, p. 24.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Ibid., Lionel Robbins, pp. 77–78.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    The year of publication of Adam Smith's “Inquiry into the Causes of the Wealth of Nations”.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Cf. G. Stigler: The theory of economic regulation, in: The Bell Journal of Economics, 1971, Vol. 2, pp. 3–21.Google Scholar
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    See H.W. de Jong: Nederland, het kartelparadijs van Europa?, in: E.S.B., Vol. 75, pp. 244–248; H.W. de Jong: Het kartellparadijs, de punten van bezwaar, in: E.S.B., Vol. 77 (II), pp. 921–927; J.A.H. Maks: Het Duitse en Nederlandse mededingingsbeleid in Europees perspectief, in: Maandschrift Economie, Vol. 61, 1997, pp. 337–362.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    And, as Mok observes, this has nothing to do with competition policy. Cf. R.M. Mok: 20 jaar Wem, in: S.E.W., 1978, Vol. 17, pp. 737–760, here p. 757.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    See OECD: Competition and competition policy: the unusual Dutch case, OECD Economic Surveys: The Netherlands, Paris 1993, Ch. 3, pp. 57–87.Google Scholar
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    See U. Schaede: Cooperative Capitalism: Self Regulation, Trade Associations and the Japanese Antimonopoly Law, New York 2000.Google Scholar
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    See e.g. N. Acocella: The Foundations of Economic Policy: Values and Techniques, Cambridge 1998, pp. 225 ff.; J. Cullis and P. Jones: Public Finance and Public Choice, 2nd edition, New York 1998, pp. 38–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© HWWA and Springer-Verlag 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Maks
    • 1
  1. 1.Euregional Centre of Economics (Eurecom)Maastricht UniversityNetherlands

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