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Genetics of amylose content in rice (Oryza sativa L)

Abstract

Inheritance of amylose content was studied in crosses involving very low-, intermediate-, and high-amylose parents. The single-grain analysis of parents, F1, F2, B1F1, and B2F1 seed from a single-season harvest, showed that the parental mean difference of 14–17 % in IR37307-8/BPI 121-407 or IR37307-8/IR24632-34 and about 20% in the cross IR37307-8/IR8 were controlled by a single gene with major effect, along with some minor genes and/or modifiers. The appearance of segregants inbetween the two parents was attributed to gene dosage effects in the endosperm. The results indicate that selection for amylose level can effectively be done in early segregating generations. Selection for intermediary segregants would be ineffective because the dosage effects would dissipate in further generations.

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Correspondence to Ish Kumar or G S Khush.

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Kumar, I., Khush, G.S. Genetics of amylose content in rice (Oryza sativa L). J. Genet. 65, 1–11 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02923530

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Keywords

  • Oryza sativa
  • amylose content
  • inheritance
  • dosage effect
  • endosperm
  • chemical composition
  • cooking quality