Novel Biotreatment Process for Glycol Waters
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Propylene oxide (PO), propylene glycol (PG), and polyols are produced from propylene via propylene chlorohydrin. Effluents from these plants contain biological oxygen demand/chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD) loads besides high chloride concentrations. The high salinity poses severe problem to adopt conventional methods like activated sludge processes. Presently, a simple, economically viable and versatile microbiological process has been developed to get more than 90% biodegradation in terms of BOD/COD, utilizing specially developedPseudomonas andAerobacter. The process can tolerate high salinity up to 10 wt% NaCl or 5 wt% CaCl2 and can withstand wide variations inpH (5.5–11.0) and temperature (15–45°C). The biodegradation of glycols involves two steps. The enzymatic conversion of glycols to carboxylic and hydroxycarboxylic acids is aided byPseudo- omonas. Further degradation to CO2 and H2O by carboxylic acid utilizingAerobacter, and possible metabolic degradative pathway of glycols are discussed. Various process parameters obtained in the lab scale (50 L bioreactor) and pilot scale (20 m3 bioreactor), and unique features of our process are also discussed.
Index EntriesGlycols epoxides glycerol biodegradation Pseudomonas Aerobacter
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