Relation between the level of endogenous growth regulators and the differentiation of the fungusLentinus tigrinus studied in a synthetic medium
The fungusLentinus tigrinus was cultivated in a synthetic medium. During vegetative growth of mycelium and differentiation of fruiting bodies samples serving for determination of endogenous growth regulators were collected. The material was extracted with methanol, separated by chromatography and the isolated fractions were tested. Substances of auxin type were assayed with coleoptile segments of oat plants, gibberellins by measuring the hypocotyl growth in the lettuce and cytokinins from the degree of chlorophyll decomposition in the leaf segments of barley. Very low content of auxins was found in all phases of growth and differentiation of the fungus. The content of gibberellin substances was relatively high during the whole life of the fungus. The highest content is found in the vegetative mycelium and in the differentiated fruiting body, especially in the cap; it decreases during the differentiation of fruiting bodies. The content of cytokinins is equally high and the pattern of its change resembles that of the gibberellins. Its maximum is reached in young vegetative mycelium, it decreases when fruiting bodies are formed and when they are growing. Minimum is reached in the differentiated stalk, where also the amount of inhibitions is the highest.
Experimental results show that during differentiation of fruiting bodies and their morphogenesis not only gibberellins and cytokinins are of importance, but also substances of an inhibitory character. A relatively high amounts of these substances was secreted into the cultivation medium. In a synthetic nutrient solution they may be easily demonstrated.
KeywordsNutrient Solution Gibberellin Fruiting Body Gibberellic Acid Synthetic Medium
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