The Scandinavia ozone loss and surface heating
- 112 Downloads
Analysis on NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) ozone shows a clear ozone loss, −50 DU (15% of the total ozone), over Scandinavia. Correlation analysis between the ozone loss and the east-to-west sea surface temperature (SST) contrast in the North Atlantic shows correlation coefficients −0.96 for seasonal variation and −0.70 for monthly mean (168 months) in 1979–1992. Correlation coefficients between the ozone loss and the surface-to-atmosphere heat fluxes are higher than −0.87. There-fore the authors suggest that the warm Atlantic current carries energy northward to Scandina via and causes ozone loss there via the surface-to-atmosphere heating processes.
Key wordsOzone loss North Atlantic Surface heating Scandina via
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Gathen, P., M. Rex, N. R. P. Harris, D. Lucic, B. M. Knudsen, G. O. Braathen, H. D. Backer, R. Fabian, H. Fast, M. Gil, E. Kyro, I. S. Mikkelsen, M. Rummukainen, J. Stahelin, and C. Varotsos 1995: Observed evidence for chemical ozone depletion over the Arctic in winter 1991–92.Nature,375, 131–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Holton, J. R., 1992:An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Academy Press, San Diego, California, USA, 511 pp.Google Scholar
- Kundsen, B. M., N. Larsen, I. S. Mikkelsen, J. J. Morerette, G. O. Braathen, E. Kyro, H. Fast, H. Gernandt, H. Kanzawa, H. Nakane, V. Dorokhov, V. Yushkov, G. Hansen, M. Gil, and R. J. Shearman, 1998: Ozone depletion in and below the Arctic vortex for 1997.Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(5), 627–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Peixoto, J., and A. H. Oort, 1992.Physics of Climate, American Institute of Physics, New York, USA, 200pp.Google Scholar
- Rex, M., N. R. P. Harris, P. Von Der Gathen, R. Lehmann, G. O. Braathen, E. Reimer, A. Beck, M. P. Chipperfield, R. Alfier, M. Allaart, F. O'Connor, H. Dier, V. Dorokhov, H. Fast, M. Gil, E. Kyro, Z. Litynska, I. S. Mikkelsen, M. G. Molynneux, H. Nakane, J. Notholt, M. Rummukainen, P. Viatte, and J. Wenger, 1997: Prolonged stratospheric ozone loss in the 1995–96 Arctic winter.Nature,389, 835–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- WMO, 1985: Atmospheric ozone 1985, Assessment of our understanding of process controlling its distribution and change, Global ozone research and monitoring project (Rep. 16, Geneva, 333, WMO, 1985).Google Scholar
- Yeh, T. C., and Y. X. Gao, 1979:Meteorology of Tibetan Plateau. Science Press, Beijing, China, 278 pp (in Chinese).Google Scholar