D-Sorbitol plasma disappearance rate: An index to evaluate changes in liver circulation
The hepatic clearance of D-sorbitol was proven to be a reliable parameter for evaluating the functional liver plasma flow. Twenty-five normal subjects and 50 cirrhotic patients were studied in order to assess if the measure of the plasma disappearance rate of sorbitol can be used as a simpler procedure to evaluate changes in liver perfusion and to predict modifications of drug bioavailability due to circulatory events. The plasma disappearance rate was calculated between 10 and 20 min after intravenous administration of a 2-g dose because in this time interval plasma levels were in the optimum range for the chemical assay, and the plasma concentration/time curve fitted a decreasing exponential function. Plasma disappearance rate values were found to correlate significantly (r = 0.666, p<0.001) with sorbitol hepatic clearance, as calculated after the 2-h test. The test had a good day-to-day reproducibility both in normal subjects and cirrhotic patients. In 5 patients submitted to surgical side-to-side portacaval shunt, decreases of plasma disappearance rate and sorbitol hepatic clearance showed no significant difference. Mean values (± SD) of D-sorbitol plasma disappearance rate were 0.048 ± 0.014 min-1 in cirrhotic patients, and 0.081 ± 0.014 min-1 in normal subjects (p<0.001).
Key-wordsD-sorbitol Hepatic clearance Hepatic removal Liver circulation Portacaval shunt
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