Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 655–664 | Cite as

Climate-induced variability of sea level in Stockholm: Influence of air temperature and atmospheric circulation

  • Deliang Chen
  • Anders Omstedt


This study is focused on climate-induced variation of sea level in Stockholm during 1873–1995. After the effect of the land uplift is removed, the residual is characterized and related to large-scale temperature and atmospheric circulation. The residual shows an overall upward trend, although this result depends on the uplift rate used. However, the seasonal distribution of the trend is uneven. There are even two months (June and August) that show a negative trend. The significant trend in August may be linked to fresh water input that is controlled by precipitation. The influence of the atmospheric conditions on the sea level is mainly manifested through zonal winds, vorticity and temperature. While the wind is important in the period January–May, the vorticity plays a main role during June and December. A successful linear multiple-regression model linking the climatic variables (zonal winds, vorticity and mean air temperature during the previous two months) and the sea level is established for each month. An independent verification of the model shows that it has considerable skill in simulating the variability.

Key words

sea level Baltic sea atmospheric circulation temperature Stockholm 


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© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth Sciences CentreGöteborg UniversitySweden
  2. 2.Laboratory for Climate Studies/National Climate CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijing

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