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Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 24, Issue 2–3, pp 189–205 | Cite as

Common denominators in the etiology and pathology of visceral lesions of cystic fibrosis and Keshan disease

  • J. D. Wallach
  • Ma Lan
  • Wei Han Yu
  • Bo-Qi Gu
  • Feng Teng Yu
  • Roy F. Goddard
Article

Abstract

The common denominator of a unique disseminated multi-focal milliary myocardial hyaline necrosis and fibrosis in Keshan disease (KSD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) and a commonality of the affected age groups of fetuses and preschool children led to the review of existing KSD autopsy material to search for pancreatic and hepatic lesions considered pathognomonic for CF.

Pancreatic lesions considered pathognomonic for CF were found in 595, or 35% of 1700 documented cases of KSD. The pancreatic lesions were limited to tissues of fetuses and preschool children. Adults dying of KSD had diagnostic lesions limited to the cardiovascular system, liver, and skeletal muscle.

Varying degrees of focal biliary cirrhosis were identified in 850, or 50% of the KSD autopsies, and 85, or 5% developed severe lobular cirrhosis.

The common denominator in CF and KSD appears to be a primary or induced secondary selenium deficiency in age-susceptable humans, prenatally at or around 22 wk of fetal life, during early postnatal life, or during the rapid-growth preschool years. The basic difference between the natural history of CF and KSD is that the selenium deficiency is totally environmental in KSD and appears to be the result of a maternal malabsorptive syndrome or an abnormality of selenium transfer in CF.

Index Entries

Cystic fibrosis Keshan disease visceral lesions 

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Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Wallach
    • 1
  • Ma Lan
    • 2
  • Wei Han Yu
    • 3
  • Bo-Qi Gu
    • 4
  • Feng Teng Yu
    • 3
  • Roy F. Goddard
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PathologyPrince Charles Medical UniversityGranada/BajaMexico
  2. 2.Department of MedicinePrince Charles Medical University, Granada/Hospital Santa Monica BajaMexico
  3. 3.Harbin Medical UniversityHarbinPRC
  4. 4.Department of PathologyShanghai First Medical UniversityShanghaiPRC
  5. 5.Pediatric Pulmonary AssociationAlbuquerque

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