A polynomial-time algorithm for reducing the number of variables in MAX SAT problem
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Maximum satisfiability (MAX SAT) problem is an optimization version of the satisfiability (SAT) problem. This problem arises in certain applications in expert systems and knowledge base revision. MAX SAT problem is NP-hard. Some algorithms can solve this problem, but they are not adapted to the special cases where the number of variables is larger than the number of clauses. Usually, the number of variables has great impact on the efficiency of these algorithms. Thus, a polynomial-time algorithm is proposed to reduce the number of variables. LetT be any instance of the MAX SAT problem. The algorithm transformsT into another instanceP of which the number of variables is smaller than the number of clauses ofT. Using other algorithms, the optimal solution toP can be found, and it can be used to construct the optimal solution ofT. Therefore, this algorithm is an efficient preprocessing step.
KeywordsMAX SAT problem bipartite graph independent set complexity
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