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Identification of flexion withdrawal reflex using linear model in spinal cord injury

  • Yongchul Kim
  • Youngil Youm
Article
  • 192 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of the flexion withdrawal reflex modulated by the hip angle and hip movement in spinal cord injury (SCI). The influence of the hip position and passive movement were tested in 6 subjects with chronic SCI. Each subject placed in a supine position and lower leg was fixed with the knee at 5–45 degree flexion and the ankle at 25–40 degree plantar flexion. A train of 10 stimulus pulses were applied at 200 Hz to the skin of the medial arch to trigger flexion reflexes. From results of the regression analysis, static properties of normalized muscle activation of flexor muscles have the linear relationship with respect to hip angle (P<0.05). In order to verify the neural contribution of flexion reflex, we compared the static and dynamic gains of estimated muscle activations with measured EMG of ankle flexor muscle. Form this study, we postulate that the torque and muscle response of flexion withdrawal reflex have linear relationship with hip angle and angular velocity.

Key Words

Flexion Reflex Neuromuscular Model Spinal Cord Injury Electromyogram (EMG) 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers (KSME) 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPohang University of Science and TechnologyPohang City, KyungbukKorea
  2. 2.Sensory Motor Performance ProgramRehabilitation Institute of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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