Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 300–305 | Cite as

A comparison analysis of chemical composition of aerosols in the dust and non-dust periods in Beijing

  • Zhang Renjian 
  • Xu Yongfu 
  • Han Zhiwei 


Dust events occurred frequently in Beijing in recent years. In this work, 120 aerosol samples were collected in two typical dust events (21–22 March and 15 May) and a non-dust period in Beijing from March to May 2001. Samples were analyzed for major elemental components by the Proton Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) method. Results show that the enrichment factors of crustal elements such as Mg, Al, and Ti had little differences between the dust period and the non-dust period in Beijing, while the enrichment factors of other elements that have a relation to anthropogenic emissions were very low during the dust period. The results derived by using multivariate factor analysis from the observation data show that the sources such as soil dust, industry, and fuel combustion were among the major contributors to the particles in Beijing.

Key words

dust aerosol chemical composition Proton Induced X-ray Emission method 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ACE-Asia: Asian Pacific Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiments. [Available on line from]Google Scholar
  2. Chun Y. S., Kyung-On Boo, Jiyoung Kim, Soon-Ung Park, and Meehye Lee, 2001: Synopsis, transport, and physical characteristics of Asian dust in Korea.J. Geophys. Res.,106, 18461–18469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kanai, Y., and coauthors, 2002: Preliminary study on the grain-size distribution and concentration of Aeolian dust collected in Japan.Journal of Arid Land Studies,11(4), 307–314.Google Scholar
  4. Koutrakis, P., J. D. Spengler, B. H. Chang, and H. Ozkaynak, 1987: Characterizing sources of indoor and outdoor aerosol using PIXE.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research,B22, 331–336.Google Scholar
  5. Malm, W. C., J. F. Sisler, D. Huffman, R. A. Eldred, and T. A. Cahill, 1994: Spatial and seasonal trends in particle concentration and optical extinction in the United States.J. Geophys. Res.,99(D1), 1347–1370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Qian Zengan, He Huixia, Zai Zhang, and Chen Minlian, 1997: Standard classification, and occurrence chronology of sand dust storms in the northwestern region of China.Studies on Dust Dtorm in China, Fang Zhongyi, Zhu Fukang, Jiang Jixi, Qiang Zheng-an, Eds., China Meteorological Press, Beijing, 1–10. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Sokolik, I. N., and O. B. Toon, 1996: Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols.Nature,381(20), 681–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sokolik, I. N., O. B. Toon, and R. W. Bergstrom, 1998: Modeling the radiative characteristics of airborne mineral aerosols at infrared wavelength.J. Geophys. Res.,103, 8813–8826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sokolik, I. N., and O. B. Toon, 1999: Incorporation of mineralogical composition into models of radiative properties of mineral aerosol from UV to IR wavelength.J. Geophys. Res.,104, 9423–9444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tegen, I., and I. Fung, 1994: Modeling of mineral dust in the atmosphere: Sources, transport, and optical thickness.J. Geophys. Res.,99, 22897–22914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Tegen, S. R., A. A. Lacis, and I. Fung, 1996: The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils.Nature,381, 303–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wang Zifa, H. Ueda, and Huang Meiyuan, 2000: A deflation module for use in modeling long-range transport of yellow sand over East Asia.J. Geophys. Res.,105(D22), 26947–26959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Winchester, J., Wang Mingxing, Lu Weixiu, and Ren Lixin, 1981: Fine and coarse aerosol composition from a rural area in northern China.Atmos. Environ.,15, 933–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Yabuki, S. and coauthors, 2002: Physical and chemical characteristics of Aeolian dust collected over Asian dust sources regions in China-Comparison with atmospheric aerosol in an urban area at Wako, Japan.Journal of Arid Land Studies,11(4), 273–289.Google Scholar
  15. Yoshino, M., 2000: Problems in Climatology of dust storm and its relation to human activities in northern China.Journal of Arid Land Studies,10, 171–181.Google Scholar
  16. Ye Duozeng, Chou Jifan, Liu Jiyuan, Zhang Zengxiang, Wang Yimo, Zhou Zijiang, Ju Hongbo, Huang Hongqian, 2000: Causes of sand-stormy weather in Northern China and Control Measures.Acta Geographica Sinica, 55(5), 513–521. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Yi, S. M., E. Y. Lee, and T. M. Holsen, 2001: Dry deposition fluxes and size distributions of heavy metal in Seoul, Korea during yellow-sand events.Aerosol Science and Technology,35, 569–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zhang Renjian, Wang Mingxing, and Zhang Wen, 2000: Research on elemental concentrations and distributions of aerosols in Winter/Spring in Beijing.Climatic and Environmental Research,5(1), 6–12. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Zhang Renjian, Wang Mingxing, and Fu Jianzhong, 2001: Preliminary research on the size distribution of aerosols in Beijing.Adv. Atmos. Sci.,18(2), 225–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zhang Renjian, Han Zhiwei, Wang Mingxing, and Zhang Xiaoye, 2002: Dust storm weather in China: New characteristics and origins.Quaternary Sciences,22(4), 374–380. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Zhang Renjian, Xu Yongfu, and Han Zhiwei, 2003: Inorganic chemical composition and source signature of PM2.5 in Beijing during ACE-Asia period.Chinese Science Bulletin,48(10), 1002–1005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhang Xiaoye, R. Arimoto, An Zhisheng, Cheng Tuo, Zhang Guangyu, Zhu Guanghua, and Wang Xingfu, 1993: Atmospheric trace elements over sources regions for Chinese dust: Concentrations, sources and atmospheric deposition on the Loess Plateau.Atmos. Environ.,27, 2051–2067.Google Scholar
  23. Zhou Zijiang, 2001: Blowing-sand and sandstorm in China in recent 45 years.Quaternary Sciences,21(1), 9–17. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Zhu Guanghua, and Wang Guangfu, 1998: Investigation of the particle derived from indigenous zinc smelting using PIXE analytical technique.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research,B136-138, 966–969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijing

Personalised recommendations