Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 497–504 | Cite as

A review of major progresses in mesoscale dynamic research in China since 1999

  • Zhou Xiaoping
  • Lu Hancheng
  • Ni Yunqi
  • Tan Zhemin


Mesoscale research conducted by Chinese meteorologists during the past four years is reviewed. Advances in theoretical studies include (a) mesoscale quasi-balanced and semi-balanced dynamics, derived through scale analysis and the perturbation method which are suitable for describing mesoscale vortices; (b) subcritical instability and vortex-sheet instability; (c) frontal adjustment mechanism and the effect of topography on frontgenesis; and (d) slantwise vorticity development theories, the slantwise vortex equation, and moist potential vorticity (MPV) anomalies with precipitation-related heat and mass sinks and MPV impermeability theorem. From the MPV conservation viewpoint, the transformation mechanism between different scale weather systems is analyzed. Based on the data analysis, a new dew-point front near the periphery of the West Pacific subtropical high is identified. In the light of MPV theory and Q-vector theory, some events associated with torrential rain systems and severe storms are analyzed and diagnosed. Progress in mesoscale numerical simulation has been made in the development of meso-α, meso-β vortices, meso-γ-scale downbursts and precipitation produced by deep convective systems with MM5 and other mesoscale models.

Key words

mesoscale dynamics mesoscale numerical simulations observational data diagnoses 


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Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhou Xiaoping
    • 1
  • Lu Hancheng
    • 3
  • Ni Yunqi
    • 2
  • Tan Zhemin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijing
  2. 2.Department of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjing
  3. 3.Meteorological CollegePLA University of Science and TechnologyNanjing

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