Investigation on the effects of soluble programmed death-1 (sPD-1) enhancing anti-tumor immune response
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By using semi-quantitative RT-PCR method, it was found that PD-L1 mRNA but not PD-L2 mRNA was expressed in H22 hepatoma cells and both PD-L1 and PD-L2 mRNAs were expressed in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice and upregulated as compared with muscle tissues in normal mice and H22 hepatoma cells. PD-L1 and PD-L2 were also expressed on the surface of the activated T cells. The soluble recombinant sPD-1 expressed from the constructed eukaryotic expression vector could enhance the lysis of tumor cells by lymphocytes stimulated specifically with antigen. The expression of sPD-1 by local gene therapy on the inoculation site of H22 hepatoma cells could inhibit the growth of tumor. The results of this study indicate that expression of soluble receptor of negative costimulatory molecules could reduce the inhibitory effect on T cells in tumor microenvironment and enhance the cytotoxicity of T cells on tumor cells. This possibly provides a new method of improving efficacy of tumor gene therapy.
Key wordsPD-1 Immune tolerance Hepatocarcinoma Soluble receptor Gene therapy
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