Geosciences Journal

, 8:381 | Cite as

Variations of terrigenous sediment supply to the southern slope of the Ulleung Basin, East/Japan Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum

  • Jang Jun Bahk
  • Sang-Joon Han
  • Boo-Keun Khim


In order to examine the variations of terrigenous detrital components in the core (97PC-19) sediments from the southern margin of the Ulleung Basin, we detail changes in grainsize composition and contents of major elements such as detrital SiO2 (detSiO2), TiO2, Al2O3, MgO and K2O since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The variations of detrital components are characterized by the significant elevations of detSiO2/Al2O3 and TiO2/Al2O3 ratios with the concomitant increase of silt to clay ratios during the last deglaciation (10–15 ka). Such a prominent increase suggests an enhanced flux of detrital quartz and Ti-bearing minerals relative to Al-rich clay minerals which can be attributed to either aeolian transport or hemipelagic advection. Similar variations of detrital components during the last deglaciation are much more pronounced in the core 95PC-1, located more proximal to the Korea Strait, as evidenced by the high sedimentation rate and sand and silt contents. However, this temporal variation is not clearly observed in ODP site 797 far from the Korea Strait. The spatial change of the detrital components among the cores suggests a primary control of hemipelagic fluxes of riverine sediments relative to aeolian dust fluxes on the variations of detrital components since the LGM. The hemipelagic fluxes were most likely derived from the paleochannels of the Nakdong River that extended onto the shelf margin of the Korea Strait during the last sea-level lowstand and increased by shore-parallel transport of paleocurrents through the Korea Strait during the early stage of the postglacial transgression.

Key words

detrital component aeolian flux hemipelagic flux Ulleung Basin East/Japan Sea 


  1. Bahk, J.J., Chough, S.K. and Han, S.J., 2000, Origin of laminated muds and its paleoceanographic significance in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (Sea of Japan). Marine Geology, 162, 459–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahk, J.J., Chough, S.K., Jeong, K.S. and Han, S.J., 2001, Sedimentary records of paleoenvironmental changes during the last deglaciation in the Ulleung Interplain Gap, East Sea (Sea of Japan). Global and Planetary Change, 28, 241–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chough, S.K., Jeong, K.S. and Honza, E., 1985, Zoned facies of mass-flow deposits in the Ulleung (Tsushima) Basin, East Sea (Sea of Japan). Marine Geology, 65, 113–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chough, S.K., Lee, G.H., Park, B.K. and Kim, S.W., 1984, Fine structures of turbidite and associated muds in the Ulleung (Tsushima) Basin, East Sea (Sea of Japan). Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 54, 1212–1220.Google Scholar
  5. Chough, S.K., Lee, S.H., Kim, J.W., Park, S.C., Yoo, D.G., Han, H.S., Yoon, S.H., Oh, S.B., Kim, Y.B. and Back, G.G., 1997, Chirp (2–7 kHz) echo characters in the Ulleung Basin. Geosciences Journal, 1, 154–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crusius, J., Pedersen, T.F., Calvert, S.E., Cowie, G.L. and Oba, T., 1999, A 36 kyr geochemical record from the Sea of Japan of organic matter flux variations and changes in intermediate water oxygen concentrations. Paleoceanography, 14, 248–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fairbanks, R.G., 1989, A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature, 342, 637–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gallet, S., Jahn, B. and Torii, M., 1996, Geochemical characterization of the Luochuan loess-paleosol sequence, China, and paleoclimatic implications. Chemical Geology, 133, 67–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gorbarenko, S.A. and Southon, J.R., 2000, Detailed Japan Sea paleoceanography during the last 25 kyr: constraints from AMS dating and {ie389-1} of planktonic foraminifera. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 156, 177–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hovan, S.A. and Rea, D.K., 1991, Late Pleistocene continental climate and oceanic variability recorded in northwest Pacific sediments. Paleoceanography, 6, 349–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hyun, S., Huh, S. and Han, S.-J., 2001, Last Glacial Maximum-Holocene variability in geochemical records of a core sediment from the southern part of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea: implications for paleoceanographic changes. Journal of the Korean Society of Oceanography, 6, 71–80.Google Scholar
  12. Irino, T. and Tada, R., 2000, Quantification of aeolian dust (Kosa) contribution to the Japan Sea sediments and its variation during the last 200 ky. Geochemical Journal, 34, 59–93.Google Scholar
  13. Irino, T. and Tada, R., 2002, High-resolution reconstruction of variation in aeolian dust (Kosa) deposition at ODP site 797, the Japan Sea, during the last 200 ka. Global and Planetary Change, 35, 143–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jahn, B., Gallet, S. and Han, J., 2001, Geochemistry of the Xining, Xifeng and Jixian sections, Loess Plateau of China: eolian dust provenance and paleosol evolution during the last 140 ka. Chemical Geology, 178, 71–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kawamura, H. and Wu, P., 1998, Formation mechanism of Japan Sea Proper Water in the flux center off Vladivostok. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 21611–21622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Keigwin, W.D. and Gorbarenko, S.A., 1992, Sea level, surface salinity of the Japan Sea, and the Younger Dryas event in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Quaternary Research, 37, 346–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim, K.R., Kim, G., Kim, K., Lobanov, V., Pononmarev, V. and Salyuk, A., 2002, A sudden bottom-water formation during the severe winter 2000–2001: The case of the East/Japan Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 75-1–75-4 (1234, DOI10.1029/2001GL014498).Google Scholar
  18. Lee, C.-B., Park, Y.A., Kang, H.J. and Kim, D.C., 1991, Geochemical characteristics of the continental shelf and slope sediments off the southeastern coast of Korea. The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research, 5, 15–32.Google Scholar
  19. Lee, H.J., Chough, S.K. and Yoon, S.H., 1996, Slope-stability change from late Pleistocene to Holocene in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (Japan Sea). Sedimentary Geology, 104, 39–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee, K.E., Bahk, J.J. and Narita, H., 2003, Temporal variations in productivity and planktonic ecological structure in the East Sea (Japan Sea) since the last glaciation. Geo-Marine Letters, 23, 125–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu, T., 2nd ed., 1988, Loess in China. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 224 p.Google Scholar
  22. Machida, H., 1999, The stratigraphy, chronology and distribution of distal marker-tephras in and around Japan. Global and Planetary Change, 21, 71–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mortlock, R.A. and Froelich, P.N., 1989, A simple method for the rapid determination of biogenic opal in pelagic marine sediments. Deep-Sea Research, 36, 1415–1426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Oba, T., Kato, M., Kitazato, H., Koizumi, I., Omura, A., Sakai, T. and Takayama, T., 1991, Paleoenvironmental changes in the Japan Sea during the last 85,000 years. Paleoceanography, 6, 499–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Park, S.C., Yoo, D.G., Lee, C.W. and Lee, E.I., 2000, Last glacial sea-level changes and paleogeography of the Korea (Tsushiam) Strait. Geo-Marine Letters, 20, 64–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Park, S.C., Yoo, D.G., Lee, K.W. and Lee, H.H., 1999, Accumulation of recent muds associated with coastal circulations, southeastern Korea Sea (Korea Strait). Continental Shelf Research, 19, 589–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Prins, M.A., Postma, G. and Weltje, G.J., 2000, Controls on terrigenous sediment supply to the Arabian Sea during the late Quaternary: the Makran continental slope. Marine Geology, 169, 351–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rea, D.K. and Leinen, M., 1988, Asain aridity and the zonal westerlies: Late Pleistocene and Holocene record of eolian deposition in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 66, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shackleton, N.J., 1987, Oxygen isotopes, ice volume and sea level. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12, 183–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shipboard Scientific Party, 1990, Site 797. In: Tamaki, K., Pisciotto, K. and Allan, J. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Initial Reports, 127, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), p. 71–167.Google Scholar
  31. Steinke, S., Kienast, M. and Hanebuth, T., 2003, On the significance of sea-level variations and shelf paleo-morphology in governing sedimentation in the southern South China Sea during the last deglaciation. Marine Geology, 201, 179–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stow, D.A.V., Reading, H.G. and Collinson, J.C., 1996, Deep seas. In: Reading, H.G. (ed.), Sedimentary Environments: Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy. Blackwell Science, Oxford, p. 395–453.Google Scholar
  33. Suzuki, T. and Tsunogai, S., 1987, Transport of chemical species from land to sea through atmosphere. Kaiyo Monthly, 19, 657–662. (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  34. Tada, R., Irino, T. and Koizumi, I., 1999, Land-ocean linkage over orbital and millennial timescales recorded in late Quaternary sediments of the Japan Sea. Paleoceanography, 14, 236–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yoo, D.G. and Park, S.C., 1997, Late Quaternary lowstand wedges on the shelf margin and trough region of the Korea Strait. Sedimentary Geology, 109, 121–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yoo, D.G. and Park, S.C., 2000, High-resolution seismic study as a tool for sequence stratigraphic evidence of high-frequency sea-level changes: latest Plestocene-Holocene example from the Korea Strait. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 79, 296–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Petroleum and Marine Resources DivisionKorea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral ResourcesDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Marine Geoenvironment and Resources Research DivisionKorea Ocean Research and Development InstituteSeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Marine Science and Marine Research InstitutePusan National UniversityBusanKorea

Personalised recommendations