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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 121–132 | Cite as

A comparative review of coastal conservation policies in France, and England and Wales

  • Meur-Férec Catherine 
Article

Abstract

In Europe, Britain was relatively early in being aware of the necessity of conserving natural coastal sites, though not as early as The Netherlands. In the 1960s and 1970s, increasing economic and tourist pressures in Europe prompted measures geared to the protection of other coasts in Europe. The promptness of the British reaction was a result of a sensitive public opinion and of powerful private trusts (National Trust with Enterprise Neptune) rather than of a commitment by the Government. In France a specific organization, in part inspired by the British principle, was set up. However, the French system is based much more on a public authority, theConservatoire de l’Espace Littoral et des Rivages Lacustres and on legislation (Coastal Law of 1986). Although very different in the beginning, French and British conservation politics today show many similarities, along with the similarities in the concerns of both countries.

Keywords

Administrative framework Coastal management Natural site 

Abbreviations

AONB

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

CELRL

Conservatoire de l’Espace Littoral et des Rivages Lacustres

MNR

Marine Nature Preserve

ONF

Office National des Forêts

POS

Plan d’Occupation du Sol

SSSI

Site of Special Scientific Interest

TDENS

Taxe départementale des Espaces Naturels Sensibles

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Copyright information

© EUCC 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire ‘Environnement Naturel et Activités Humaines en Milieu Littoral’, Département de GéographieUniversité du LittoralDunkerqueFrance

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