, 29:617 | Cite as

Hydrodynamic coefficients for water-wave diffraction by spherical structures



Evaluation of hydrodynamic coefficients and loads on submerged or floating bodies is of great significance in designing these structures. Some special regular-shaped geometries such as those of cylindrical (circular, elliptic) and spherical (hemisphere, sphere, spheroid) structures are usually considered to obtain analytical solutions to wave diffraction and radiation problems. The work presented here is the result of water-wave interaction with submerged spheres. Analytical expressions for various hydrodynamic coefficients and loads due to the diffraction of water waves by a submerged sphere are obtained. The exciting force components due to surge and heave motions are derived by solving the diffraction problem. Theory of multipole expansions is used to express the velocity potentials in terms of an infinite series of associated Legendre polynomials with unknown coefficients and the orthogonality of the polynomials is utilized to simplify the expressions. Since the infinite series appearing in various expressions have excellent truncation properties, they are evaluated by considering only a finite number of terms. Gaussian quadrature is used to evaluate the integrals. Numerical estimates for the analytical expressions for the hydrodynamic coefficients and loads are presented for various depth to radius ratios. Consideration of more values for depth makes it easy to compare the results with those available. The results obtained match closely with those obtained earlier by Wang and Wu and their coworkers


Diffraction Legendre polynomial surge and heave motions exciting force 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsIndian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiIndia

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