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High-energy muons in extensive air showers

  • W. S. Rada
  • A. C. Smith
  • T. R. Stewart
  • M. G. Thompson
  • M. W. Treasure
Article

Summary

A study has been made of the density of high-energy muons (10<Eμ<300 GeV) as a function of the distance from the axis of extensive air showers in the size range 2·105<Ne<3·106,i.e. showers produced by primary cosmic rays in a decade of energy centered on 5·1015 eV. The results for muons above 50 GeV agree with those from the Lodz-Moscow group, but those for muons above 200 GeV are a little different from the only other experimental results: those of Acharyaet al. Comparison with predictions favours a CKP-type model with a «normal» comparison. The simple scaling model with any composition does not give a good fit to the data, but no doubt modifications could be made, principally an increase in the mean transverse momentum, which would restore agreement.

Riassunto

Si è effettuato uno studio della densità dei muoni (10<Eμ<300 GeV) in funzione della distanza dall’asse di sciami d’aria estesi nell’intervallo di grandezza 2·105<Ne<<3·106, cioè sciami prodotti da raggi cosmici del primario in un decadimento di energia centrato su 5 · 1015 eV. I risultati per muoni al di sopra di 50 GeV sono in accordo con quelli del gruppo di Lodz-Moscow, ma quelle per muoni al di sopra di 200 GeV sono un po’ differenti dagli unici altri risultati sperimentali: quelli di Acharyaet al. Confronti con produzioni sono a favore del modello del tipo CKP con una composizione « normale ». Il modello a variazione di scala semplice con qualsiasi composizione non dà un buon adattamento ai dati, ma, senza dubbio, modificazioni potrebbero essere fatte, principalmente un aumento nell’impulso trasversale medio, che ripristinerebbero l’accordo.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. S. Rada
    • 1
  • A. C. Smith
    • 2
  • T. R. Stewart
    • 2
  • M. G. Thompson
    • 2
  • M. W. Treasure
    • 2
  1. 1.College of EducationUniversity of BasrahBasrahIraq
  2. 2.University of DurhamDurhamEngland

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