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Effects of chloroquine on GFAP, PCNA and cyclin D1 in hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats with seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole

  • Zhang Shuhua
  • Zhu Changgeng
  • Liu Qingying
  • Wang Wei
Article

Summary

The effects of chloroquine on glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Cyclin D1 in hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats with seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) were observed in the present study. Forty-eight male adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, chloroquine intervening group, and PTZ group. The behavior and electroencephalogram (EEG) were observed and recorded. GFAP and PCNA were examined with immunohistochemistry. The content of Cyclin D1 in hippocampus and cerebral cortex was inspected with Western blot. The results showed no seizure activity in the control group, severe seizure activity in the PTZ group (IV–V degree), and slight seizure activity (I–III degree) in the chloroquine intervening group (P<0.05). EEG recordings showed no epileptic spikes in the control group, high amplitude with fast frequency in the PTZ group, low-amplitude and slow frequency in the chloroquine intervening group. The expression of GFAP and the positive index of PCNA in the PTZ group were higher than those of control group (P<0.05 andP<0.01, respectively). No differences in GFAP expression and PCNA index were observed between chloroquine intervening and control groups (P>0.05). The content of Cyclin D1 in hippocampus and cerebral cortex was significantly higher in the PTZ group than in control and chloroquine intervening groups (P<0.05). Therefore, it is considered that chloroquine, by inhibiting the functions and proliferation of glial cells in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, can alleviate the seizure activities. These results suggest that chloroquine may be an ideal anticonvulsant in preventing and treating epilepsy.

Key words

glial fibrillary acidic protein proliferation cell nuclear antigen Cyclin D1 pentylenetetrazole chloroquine epilepsy 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Shuhua
    • 1
  • Zhu Changgeng
    • 1
  • Liu Qingying
    • 1
  • Wang Wei
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuroscience Research Institute, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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