Advertisement

Dynamic observation of liver fibrosis in mice infected withSchistosoma japonica

  • Li Shuli
  • Zeng Linglan
  • Luo Duande
  • Liu Wei
  • He Yongwen
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Summary

The expression of TNF-α in the liver at different periods postSchistosoma japonica infection and the effect on liver fibrosis after supplementary injection of these cytokines were investigated. The mice infected with schistosome cercariae were divided into 3 groups: normal control group, TNF-α-untreated infection group and TNF-α-treated infection group. ABC immunohistochemistry and pathologic image multimedia quantification system were applied to dynamically detect the activity of TNF-α. The results showed that the levels of TNF-α in the liver in TNF-α-untreated infection group were slowly decreased with prolongation of infection time (from 8th, 11th, 14th to 18th week), while in the TNF-α-treated infection group, those were increased significantly after intraperitoneal injection of TNF-α at 6th week after infection. At first to 8th week after the final injection of TNF-α, the intrahepatic TNF-α levels in the TNF-α-treated infection group were significantly higher than in the other two groups (P<0.01), and the granulomatous inflammation and fibrosis in the liver were also milder in the normal control group. It was concluded that at the early stage ofSchistosoma japonica infection mouse liver mainly released Th1 cytokine and TNF-α from Th1 activated macrophages. Six weeks after infection (post egg deposition), exogenous supplement with intraperitoneal injection of TNF-α could induce the enhanced expression of Th1 cytokines and alleviate the liver granulomatous inflammation and fibrosis.

Key words

Schistosoma japonicum TNF-α liver fibrosis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Chensue S W, Terebuh P D, Warmington K Set al. Role of IL-4 and IFN gamma in schistosoma manson-egg-induced hypersensitivity granuloma formation. Immunol, 1992, 148:900Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cheever A W, Finkelman F D, Cox T M. Anti-inter-leukin-4 treatment diminishes secretion of Th2 cytokines and inhibits hepatic fibrosis in murine schistosomiasis japonica. Parasite Immunol, 1995, 17:103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zeng L L, Luo D D, Liu Wet al. The dynamical and localizable study on Th2 related cytokines in the viscera of mice infected by schistosoma japonicum. Chin J Infect Dis (Chinese), 1999, 17:40Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grzych J M, Pearce E, Cheever Aet al. Egg deposition is the stimulus for the production of Th2 cytokine in murine schistomiasis mansoni. J Immunol, 1991, 146:1322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang X L, Zhang L M. The progressive study of formation of schistosome granuloma and liver fibrosis and its regulatory mechanism. Parasit Dis Foreign Med Sci (Chinese), 2001, 28:207Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zeng L L, Li S L, Cai S Qet al. The dynamical and localizable study on Th2 cytokines in murine viscera infected with schistosoma japonica. Chin Med J, 1999, 112:124Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chensue S W. Monokine production by hypersensitivity (schistosoma mansoni ECG) and foreign body (sephadex bead)-type granuloma macrophages. Evidence for sequential production of IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor. J Immunol, 1989, 142:1281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Joseph A L, Boros D L. Tumor necrosis factor plays a role in schistosoma mansoni egg-induced granulomatous inflammation. J Immunol, 1993, 151:5461PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yang W Z, Zeng M D. Mechanism and pathophysiology of liver fibrosis. Foreign Med Sci (Section Dig Dis, Chinese), 2000, 20:216Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Luo D D, Yi J H. Infectious Diseases Lectures. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2002, 314–315Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Shuli
    • 1
  • Zeng Linglan
    • 1
  • Luo Duande
    • 1
  • Liu Wei
    • 1
  • He Yongwen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Infectious Diseases, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical CollegeHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations