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Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 35–42 | Cite as

Biochemical diagnosis of alcoholism

  • Subir Kumar Das
  • D. M. Vasudevan
Article

Abstract

Medically diagnosed alcoholics can be differentiated reliably from non-alcoholics using clinically laboratory tests. In the present study, patients with liver diseases either due to alcohol or without alcohol compared with a group of normal healthy persons. Heavy drinkers showed significantly lower body weight and percent body fat, and low BMI compared with other groups. The percentage of hemoglobin and total number of RBC were found to be significantly decreased, whereas mean corpuscular volume (MCV) significantly increased in alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Hyperbilirubinemia, hyperuricemia and hypoalbuminemia correlate with alcohol intake. Albumin/globulin ratio significantly decreased in ALD. In acute liver injury AST/ALT ratio is ≤1.0, whereas in alcoholic hepatitis it is always >1.0. Moderately elevated level of ALP and high GGT values are good discriminator of alcoholic patients. Alcohol-induced liver injury is linked to oxidative stress as observed by decreased level of reduced glutathione and ascorbic acid, and increased level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances.

Key Words

Alcohol Biochemical marker g-Glutamyltransferase Aminotransferase Glutathione 

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Copyright information

© Association of Clinical Biochemists of India 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryAmrita Institute of Medical SciencesCochin

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