Virchows Archiv B

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 351–361 | Cite as

HSV hepatitis in the mouse: A light and electron microscopic study with immunohistology and in situ hybridization

  • P. Schirmacher
  • M. Wörsdörfer
  • K. Lübbe
  • D. Falke
  • W. Thoenes
  • H. P. Dienes


In order to characterize better the morphology and immune response in acute necrotizing HSV infection, murine HSV hepatitis was examined. BALB/c mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with 106 plaque-forming units (PFU) of HSV-1 (Lenette) and HSV-2 (D316). In both groups half the animals were pretreated with silica particles to block macrophage function. Up to 6 days after infection four mice from each group were sacrificed at daily intervals and the livers were examined by light and electron microscopy, immunohistology, in situ hybridization, combined immunohistology/in situ hybridization and titration of viral PFU. HSV-2 infected mice developed severe necrotizing hepatitis with persistence of HSV in the liver tissue until the end of the study. HSV-1 infected mice rapidly eliminated the virus and revealed only small necrotic foci. Early phase alterations and necrotic phase lesions were distinguished and characterized and morphologic evidence of a direct cytopathic effect of HSV was detected. A specific immune reaction in late stages appeared to be mediated by T4-positive T-lymphocytes. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry showed a close correlation with virus titration and were valuable in characterizing early phases and in the assessment of prognosis and differential diagnosis.

Key words

Herpes simplex virus Hepatitis Immunohistology Hybridization Immunological reponse 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Schirmacher
    • 1
  • M. Wörsdörfer
    • 1
  • K. Lübbe
    • 1
  • D. Falke
    • 2
  • W. Thoenes
    • 1
  • H. P. Dienes
    • 1
  1. 1.Pathologisches InstitutJohannes Gutenberg-UniversitätMainzFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Mikrobiologisches Institut, Abteilung für experimentelle VirologieJohannes Gutenberg-UniversitätMainzFederal Republic of Germany

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