Renal angiomyolipoma: Diagnosis with bultrasonography, CT scanning, DSA and its interventional treatment
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From 1989, 15 cases of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) have been diagnosed by ultrasonography, CT scanning and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) at our hospital. In 8 patients with uneven hyperechoes on B-mode ultrasonography (B-US) (8/15) and 7 with low density of fat on CT scanning (7/12) accurate diagnosis was established preoperatively. DSA revealed the “berry-like” pseudoaneurysms in the arterial phase (14 cases), the defined lucent area in the nephrogram phase (10 cases) and the “onion-peel appearances” during venous phases (8 cases), correct diagnosis was achieved in all patients. 8 cases were surgically treated and 7 treated by subselective embolization of renal artery. Effects in all cases were good. The diagnostic value of B-US, CT scanning. DSA and interventional treatment of AML was discussed. It was believed that the diagnosis with DSA was a technique with high specificity, and embolization therapy was simple and effective for AML.
Key wordsrenal angiomyolipoma diagnosis interventional treatment
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