A study of toxicity of 5-fluorouracil on bovine trabecular meshwork cells in vitro
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In order to explore whether the conventional use of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) had any toxic effects on trabecular meshwork cells, bovine trabecular meshwork cells were cultured in vitro and exposed to 5-Fu at different concentrations. The cellular morphology, ultrastructure, mortality and phagocytosis were studied under light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and methods of Wright’s stain. It was found that the toxic effects of 5-Fu on the cells were in a dose-dependent mode. 1 X 10-1 mg/ml of 5-Fu caused a large part of cells rounded up, while 1 X 10-3 mg/ml of the drug only a rough appearance of the cell surface. Exposure to 1 X 10-2 mg/ml of 5-Fu made mitochrone swollen and rough endoplasmic reticulum enlarged, with the cell mortality being 50. 5%. The latex microspheres engulfed in cytoplasm in cells receiving 1 X 10-1 and 1 X 10-2 mg/ml of 5-Fu were significantly decreased as compared with those in the control group (P<0. 01). It was concluded that the safe concentration of 5-Fu on bovine trabecular meshwork cells was 1 X 10-3 mg/ml and the conventional dosage of 5-Fu in clinical practice would not cause injury to trabecular meshwork cells.
Key words5-fluorouracil trabecular meshwork cell glaucoma toxicity
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