Restrictive effect of puerarin on myocardial infarct area in dogs and its possible mechanism
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To evaluate the protective effect of puerarin on ischemic myocardium in dogs with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to reveal its possible mechanism, 10 dogs were randomly divided into puerarin group (group G) and control group (group C). AMI model was established in all dogs. Puerarin or saline was administered over a period of 21 days. Coronary angiography was performed before and after ligation of coronary artery. Eight hemorheological parameters were examined before and 22 days after the operation. The infarct area and vessel density of myocardium were assessed. The infarct area in group G was smaller than that in group C. Angiography 2 h and 22 d after ligation of coronary artery revealed significant augmentation of collateral vessels in group G as compared with control group. The platelet aggregation and the blood viscosity were increased during AMI when compared with control phase, and the increased indexes during AMI would be inhibited when puerarin were given. Capillaries and distribution vessel density in ischemic zone on day 22 showed statistically significant augmentation in group G as compared with control group. Puerarin might improve the opening and formation of coronary collateral circulation, and might inhibit the increase of platelet aggregation and the blood viscosity during AMI, and thereby improve microcirculation and restrict myocardial infarct area.
Key wordspuerarin collateral circulation hemorheology myocardial infarction
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