Role of endogenous tryptophan during submerged fermentation of ergot alkaloids
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Shake flask cultures ofClaviceps paspali (Stev. et Hall) andClaviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul. on simple synthetic medium have been studied. Both strains grown in the absence of added tryptophan accumulate extra endogenous tryptophan. A certain concentration of cell-pool tryptophan is needed to promote alkaloid synthesis. Alkaloid production commences while tryptophan synthetase activity is increasing. In the alkloid-producing phase cell-pool tryptophan shows a single minimum while the change in level of cell-protein tryptophan is negligible. Alkaloid formation is suggested to reflect a regulatory device to keep endogenous tryptophan balanced. By adding amitrole the alkaloid spectrum is changed. The tryptophan-histidine cross-pathway probably serves a useful function inthe biosynthesis of ergot alkaloids.
KeywordsTryptophan Alkaloid Ergot Alkaloid Alkaloid Production Amitrole
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