Estimation of solid-liquid ratios in bulk fats and emulsions by pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance
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Several pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods were evaluated to estimate the solid fat content of fats and oil-in-water emulsions. The methods were checked with samples of paraffin oil or triolein containing known quantities of crystalline tristearate. A method based on the signal of solid fat (with use of a correction factor, the “f-factor”) was rejected in this work for general use. Correct results were obtained with methods that used only the signal of the liquid phase. With emulsions, disturbances could arise due to the surfactant present and to possible solubilization of water in the oil phase, presumably by monoglycerides. Without these disturbances, solid fat content in emulsions could be estimated as in bulk fats, after correction of the liquid phase signal for the contribution of protons from the aqueous phase. The signal from fat crystals inside emulsion droplets differed from that of crystals of the same fat in bulk, which may have been due to difference in crystal size but not to difference in crystal modification. Measurements on natural cream showed that disturbances were also possible in this type of emulsion.
KeywordsNuclear Magnetic Resonance Triolein Emulsion Droplet Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Signal Sodium Caseinate
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