Differential modulation by AMPA of signals from red- and green-sensitive cones in carp retinal luminosity-type horizontal cells
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Intracellular recordings were made from luminosity-type horizontal cells (LHCs) in the isolated superfused carp retina and the effect of AMPA (α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid), a glutamate receptor agonist, on these cells was studied. AMPA suppressed the responses of LHCs driven by red-sensitive (R-) cones whereas it potentiated the responses driven by green-sensitive (G-) cones. The AMPA effect could be completely blocked by GYKI 53655, a specific AMPA receptor antagonist, indicating the exclusive involvement of AMPA-preferring receptors. The AMPA effect persisted in the presence of picrotoxin (PTX) or dihydrokainic acid (DHK), suggesting that the feedback from LHCs onto cones and glutamate transporters on cones may not be involved. It is suggested that there may exist different AMPA receptor subtypes with distinct characteristics on LHCs, which mediate signal transfer from R-and G-cones to LHCs, respectively.
Keywordsglutamate receptor cone signal horizontal cell retina
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