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Response of the snowmelt and glacier runoff to the climate warming-up in the last 40 years in Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

  • Baisheng Ye
  • Yongjian Ding
  • Ersi Kang
  • Gang Li
  • Tianding Han
Article

Abstract

Some analytical results of the measured runoff during 1950s to 1980s at outlet hydrological stations of 33 main rivers and climatic data collected from 84 meteorological stations in Xinjiang Autonomous Region are presented. Comparison of hydrological and climatic parameters before and after 1980 shows that the spring runoff for most rivers after 1980s increased obviously at a rate of about 10%, though the spring air temperature did not rise very much. Especially. an increment by 20% for alpine runoff is observed during May when intensive snow melting occurred in the alpine region. To the contmy, the runoff in June decreased about 5%. When the summer or annual runoff is taken into account. direct relationship can be found between the change in runoff and the ratio of glacier-coverage, except the runoff in August when the glacier melting is strong, indicating that climatic warming has an obvious effect on the contribution of glacier melting to the runoff increase

Keywords

climate change snowmelt and glacier runoff response 

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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baisheng Ye
    • 1
  • Yongjian Ding
    • 1
  • Ersi Kang
    • 1
  • Gang Li
    • 1
  • Tianding Han
    • 1
  1. 1.Chinese Academy of SciencesLanzhou Institute of Glaciology and GeocryologyLanzhouChina

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