Advertisement

Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences

, Volume 45, Supplement 1, pp 18–22 | Cite as

Biological and ecological characteristics ofTamarix L. and its effect on the ecological environment

  • Daoyuan Zhang
  • Linke Yin
  • Borong Pan
Article

Abstract

Through studying biological and ecological characteristics ofTamarix L., we found wide adaptability to different ecological environment and high endurance of adversity. When planted in the edge of desert and periphery of oasis,Tamarix will act as excellent sand-fixing shrubs, improve ecological environment and play a positive role. However, introducingTamarix unreasonably will deteriorate the ecological environment and reduce biodiversity and play a negative role. Grasping the biological and ecological characteristics ofTamarix will do much to benefit further developing and utilizing of the resources

Keywords

Tamarixbiological and ecological characteristic ecological environment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baum, B. R., The GenusTamarix, Jerusalem: Central Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yin Linke, Yang Weikang, An evaluation of the plant resources and diversity of Tamaricaceae in China, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 1998, 7S: 201–202.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhai Shihong, Studies on amplexicaul leaf ofTamarix L., Acta. Phyto. Sinica, 1983, 24(4): 273–274.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wei Yan, The discussions on the anatomical structure of leaf and its taxonomic relationship of Tamaricaceae in China, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occident. Sin. (in Chinese), 1999, 19(1): 113–118.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ma Ruijun, Wang Fenchun, Wu Shuming, Secondary xylem structure of stem and root ofTamarix L. in China and its adaptation to environment, Bull. of Bot. (in Chinese), 1994, (supp): 3.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang Daoyuan, Anatomic structure of twig stem of 18 species of Tamaricaceae of China, 2001, in press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sisneros, D., Herbicide analysis: Lower Colorado River saltcedar vegetation management study, U.S. Dept. Int., Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO, 1991, 165.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kerpez, T. A., Smith, N. S., Saltcedar control for wildlife habitat improvement in the southwestern United States, USDI Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication, Washington, DC, 1987, 16.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brotherson,, J. D., Winkel, V., Habitat relationships of saltcedar(Tamarix ramosissima) in central Utal, Great Basom Naturalist, 1986, 46: 535–541.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Brotherson, J. D., Field, D.,Tamarix: impacts of a successful weed, Rangelands, 1987, 9: 110–112.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Carman, J. G., Brotherson, J. D., Comparisons of sites infested and not infested with saltcedar(Tamarix pentandra) and Russian olive(Elaeagnus angustifolia), Weed Sco., 1982, 30: 360–364.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Neill, W. M., Tamarisk, Fremontia, 1985, 12: 22–23.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Duncan, K. W., Schemnitz, S. D., Suzuki, M. et al., Evaluation of saltcedar control-pecos River, New Mexico, Gen. Tech. Rep. Rocky Mount. Forest Range Exp. Stn., For. Serv. USDA, 1993, 226: 207–210.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Busch, D. E., Smith, S. D., Effects of fire on water and salinity relations of riparian woody taxa, Oecologia, 1993, 94: 186–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Egan, T. B., An approach to site restoration and maintenance for saltcedar control, in Proceedings of the Saltcedar Management Workshop, June 12, 1996, Rancho Mirage, CA, University of California Cooperative Extension Service, Holtville, CA (eds. Di Tomaso, J., Bell, C. E.), 1996, 46–49.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brotherson, J. D., Carman, J. G., Szyska, L. A., Stem-diameter age relationships ofTamarix ramosissima in central Utah, J. Range Manage, 1984, 37: 362–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Davenport, D. C., Martin, P. E., Hagan, R. M., Evapotranspiration from riparian vegetation: Water relations and irrecoverable losses for slatcedar,.J. Soil Water Conserv., 1982, 37: 233–236.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hagemeyer, J., Waisel, Y., Phase-shift and memorization of the circadian rhythm of transpiration ofTamarix aphylla,. Experientia, 1990, 46: 876–877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Busch, D. E., Ingraham, N. L., Smith, S. D., Water uptake in woody riparian phreatophytes of the southwestern United States: A stable isotope study, Ecological Applications, 1992, 2: 450–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu Mingting, Studies on theTamarix L. of China and Its Extending Utilities, Lanzhou: Lanzhou University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Johnson, S., CanTamarix be controlled? Fremontia, 1987, 15: 19–20.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    DeLoach, C. J., Prospects for biological control of saltcedar(Tamarix spp.) in riparian habitats of the southwestern United States, in Proc. Vll Int. Symp. Biol. Contr. Weeds, 1988, Rome, Italy (ed. Delfosse, E. S.), Sper. Patol. Veg. (MAF), 1989, 30714.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xinjiang Ecology and Geography Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesUrumqiChina

Personalised recommendations