Advertisement

Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 349–360 | Cite as

Estimation of the nutritional status of cereals by means of boundary nutrient concentration curves

  • Milena Smetánková
  • J. Eisler
Original Papers
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Data point fields of values of the dependence of nitrogen and potassium concentration in shoot dry matter on dry matter weight in the course of the vegetation cycle at four stages of development of spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Ametyst) plants were derived from a four-year-cycle of stationary field nutrition experiments at two localities. Three selection procedures of the boundary data are described. Graphical outputs and their subsequent mathematical expression enable an objective construction of regressive upper and lower boundary curves of the data point fields. The shape of the curves is characteristic of each investigated element. The position of the upper boundary curve can characterize the maximum uptake ability, that of the lower curve the maximum efficiency of utilization of absorbed nutrients, and their amplitude the requirement extent of the species or cultivar investigated. The boundary curves can be objectively constructed for individual nutrients from a sufficiently vast set of data from a very broad spectrum of ecological conditions (for example from stationary field nutrition experiments at various localities).

Keywords

Boundary Curve Boundary Line Plant Nutrition Spring Barley Point Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baier, J.: [Research of high fertilizer doses in ČSSR]. In Czech. - Rostl. Výroba (Praha)9: 271 to 286, 1963.Google Scholar
  2. Baier, J.: [Principles of current diagnostics of plant nutrition]. In Czech. - Agrochémia (Bratislava)21: 33–35, 1981a.Google Scholar
  3. Baier, J.: [The limit nutrient concentration curves of winter wheat during the growing season]. In Czech. - Rostl. Vyroba (Praha)27: 981–990, 1981b.Google Scholar
  4. Baier, J., Smetánková, M.: The course of N-concentration curves in the Diamant variety of spring barley in ontogenesis, as depending on nutrient conditions. (4e Coll. Int. sur le Contrôle de l’Aliment. des Plantes Cultiv.) - In:Cottenie, A. (ed.): Comptes-rendus Vol. II. Pp. 544 to 551, Rijksuniversiteit, Gent 1976.Google Scholar
  5. Baier, J., Smetánková, M.: Diagnostics of the state of nitrogen nutrition of winter wheat during the growing season. (5me Coll. Int. sur le Contrôle de l’Aliment. des Plantes Cultiv.) - In: Comptes-rendus Vol. II., Inst. Prof. di stato per l’Agricoltora, Castelfranco Veneto 1980.Google Scholar
  6. Forster, H., Mengel, K.: Der Einfluss einer im Jugendstadium kurzfristig unterbrochenen K-Ernährung auf Ertragsbildung und Gehalt an Mineralstoffen und löslichen Aminosäuren. - Z. AckerPflanzenbau130 : 203–213, 1969.Google Scholar
  7. Friis-Nielsen, B.: An approach towards interpreting and controlling the nutrient status of growing plants by means of chemical plant analyses. - Plant Soil24: 63–80, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jones, J. B. Jr.: Plant analysis, its past, present and future. Plant Nutrition 1978. (Proc. 8th Int. Coll. Plant Anal. and Fertil. Problems). - In:Ferguson A. R. et al. (ed.): New Zealand DSIR Information Series 134. Pp. 193–207. Gov. Printer, Wellington 1978.Google Scholar
  9. Koch, K.: Der Einfluss des Kalium-Ernährungszustandes der höheren Pflanzen auf die Assimilation von anorganischen Stickstoff. - Ber. deut. bot. Ges.84: 607–612, 1971.Google Scholar
  10. Large, E. C.: Growth stages in cereals. Illustration of the Feekes scale. - Plant Pathol.3: 128 to 129, 1954.Google Scholar
  11. Møller Nielsen, J.: Diagnosis and control of nutritional disorders in cereals based on inorganic tissue analysis. (6th Int. Coll. on Plant and Fertil. Problems). - In:Samish, R. M. (ed.): Recent Advances in Plant Nutrition. Vol. I. Pp. 63–73, Gordon and Breach, Tel Aviv 1970.Google Scholar
  12. Møller Nielsen, J.: [Evaluation and correction of the nutrient state of cereals on the basis of chemical plant analysis). In Danish. - (Dissertation) DSR Forlag, Den kgl. Veterinaerog Landbohøjskole, København 1973.Google Scholar
  13. Neubert, P. et al.: Tabellen zur Pflanzenanalyse. - In:Bergmann, W., Neubert, P.: Pflanzendiagnose und Pflanzenanalyse. Pp. 487–668, VEB G. Fischer Verlag, Jena 1976.Google Scholar
  14. Smetánková, M.: [Diagnosis of nutrition in wheat varieties]. In Czech. - [New Findings in the Diagnosis of Plant Nutrition]. Section VIII., Pp. 1–16, ČSVTS, Hradec Králové 1981.Google Scholar
  15. Smetánková, M.: [Method of estimation of the upper and lower boundary lines of the dependence of two variables]. In Czech. - Rostl. Vyroba (Praha)28 : 665–672, 1982.Google Scholar
  16. Terman, G. L.: Yieldnutrient concentration relationships in maize. (7th Int. Coll. on Plant Anal. and Fertil. Problems). - In:Wehrmann, J. (ed.): Proceedings. Vol. I. Pp. 447 to 458, German Soc. of Plant Nutrition, Hannover 1974.Google Scholar
  17. Tserling, V. V.: Mineral plant nutrition in development phases in relation to yield components. (4e Coll. Int. sur le Contrôle de l’Aliment. des Plantes Cultiv.) - In:Cottenie, A. (ed.) Comptes rendus Vol. I. Pp. 10–20, Rijksuniversiteit, Gent 1976.Google Scholar
  18. Tserling, V. V.: Agrokhimicheskie Osnovy Diagnostiki Mmeral’nogo Pitaniya Sel’skokhozyaistvennykh Kul’tur. [Agrochemical Basis of the Mineral Nutrition Diagnosis of Field Crops]. - Nauka, Moskva 1978.Google Scholar
  19. Vielemeyer, H. P., Vanselow, G.: Wirkung steigender KGaben auf K-Aufnahme, Ertrag und Rohproteingehalt von Braugerste. - Arch. AckerPflanzenbau, Bodenk.24: 167–174, 1980.Google Scholar
  20. Webb, R. A.: Use of the Boundary Line in the Analysis of Biological Data. - J. hort. Sci.47 :309 to 319, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Academia 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milena Smetánková
    • 1
  • J. Eisler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Nutrition Diagnostics, Section of Plant NutritionResearch Institute of Plant ProductionPraha 6-RuzyněCzechoslovakia
  2. 2.Design Institute of Traffic and Civil StructuresPraha

Personalised recommendations