Advertisement

Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 328–334 | Cite as

Effect of gibberellic acid and salicylic acid on the activity and electrophoretic pattern of IAA-oxidase during floral induction inImpatiens balsamina

  • Surinder Kumar
  • K. K. Nanda
Original Papers

Abstract

IAA-oxidase activity increased in the stem as well as in the leaves of plants treated with GA3, SA and GA3 + SA during the early stages under inductive and non-inductive photoperiods, the activity being the highest in GA3 + SA-treated plants. An isoenzyme of IAA-oxidase with Rm 0.15 developed in the stem as well as in the leaves subsequent to 1 or 2 inductive treatments. As this band persisted till the end of the experiment, it may be associated with the initiation as well as development of floral buds. Another band (Rm 0.30) appears to be associated with the phenol (SA) as it developed in the stem as well as in the leaves of SA- and GA3 + SA-treated plants under both photoperiods. A band with Rm 0.60 developed in the leaves but not in the stem of GA3-, SA- and GA3 + SA-treated plants under both photoperiods.

Keywords

Gibberellic Acid TIBA Floral Induction Disc Electrophoresis Triiodobenzoic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aberg, B., Johanson, I.: Studies on plant growth regulators XXIV. Some phenolic compounds. - K. lantber. Hogsk. Ann.35: 3–27, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. Basu, R. N.: Effect of non-auxin chemicals on translocation of auxin in cuttings ofPhaseolus vulgaris. - Exp. J. Bot.23: 357–365, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davis, B. J.: Disc electrophoresis II. Methods and application to human serum proteins. - Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.121: 404–427, 1964.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Endo, T.: Indole acetate oxidase activity of horse-radish and other plant peroxidase isoenzyme. - Plant Cell Physiol.9: 333–341, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. Gantzer, E.: Wirkungen von Cumarin auf Wachstum und Entwicklungsvorgange und seine Wanderungsfähigkeit im Pflanzengewebe. - Planta55: 235–253, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haissig, B. E.: Influence of auxins and auxin synergists on adventitious root primordium initiation and development. - New Zeal. J. Forest. Sci.4: 311–323, 1974.Google Scholar
  7. Hare, R. C.: Indole acetic acid oxidase. - Bot. Rev.30: 129–165, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Konishi, M., Galston, A. W.: Light induced changes in phenolic inhibitors of indole acetic acid oxidase in cotyledons ofPharbitis nil. - Phytochemistry3: 559–568, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kumar, S., Sharma, R., Nanda, K. K.: Effect of gibberellic acid and some diphenols on the flowering ofImpatiens balsamina L., a qualitative short day plant. - Plant Cell Physiol.19: 471–479, 1978.Google Scholar
  10. Lee, T. T., Skoog, F.: Effect of hydroxybenzoic acid on IAA metabolism interaction by tobacco callus extracts. -Physiol. Plant.18: 577–585, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Nanda, K. K., Kumar, S.: Effect of gibberellic acid and some polyphenols on the flowering ofImpatiens balsamina, a qualitative short day plant. - New Phytol.78: 403–406, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nanda, K. K., Kumab, S., Sood, V.: Effect of gibberellic acid and some phenols on the flowering ofImpatiens balsamina, a qualitative short day plant. - Physiol. Plant.38: 53–56, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ockerse, R., Waber, J., Mescher, M. F.: The promotion of IAA-oxidation by GA3 in terminal pea buds. - Plant Physiol.46 (suppl.): 47, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ornstein, L.: Disc electrophoresis I. Background and theory. - Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.121: 321, 1964.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Pilet, P. E.: Effect of p-hydroxybenzoic acid on growth, auxin content and auxin catabolism. - Phytochemistry5: 77–82, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sawhney, S., Sawhney, N., Nanda, K. K.: Effect of gibberellic acid, 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid and indoleacetic acid on growth and development ofImpatiens balsamina during different photoperiods. - Physiol. Plant.24: 522–527, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sheen, S. J.: Changes in amount of polyphenols and activity of related enzymes during growth of tobacco flower and capsule. -Plant Physiol.12: 111–116, 1973.Google Scholar
  18. Tang, Y. W., Bonner, J.: The enzymatic inactivation of indole acetic acid II. The physiology of the enzyme. -Amer. J. Bot.35: 570–578, 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tomaszewski, M.: The mechanism of synergistic effects between auxin and some natural phenolic substances. - In:Nitsch, J. P. (ed.): Regulateurs Naturels de la Croissance Végétale. Pp. 335. C.N.R.S., Paris 1964.Google Scholar
  20. Tomaszewski, M., Thimann, K. V.: Interaction of phenolic acids, metabolic ions and chelating agents on auxin induced growth. - Plant Physiol.41: 1443–1454, 1966.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Vendrig, J. C., Buffel, K.: Growth stimulating activity of transcaffeic acid isolated fromGoleus rhenaltianus. - Nature192: 276, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wain, R. L., Taylor, H. F.: Phenols as plant growth regulators. - Nature207: 167–169, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zenk, M. H., Müller, G.:In vivo destruction of exogenously applied indolyl-3-acetie acid as influenced by naturally occurring phenolic acids. - Nature200: 761–763, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zucker, M. C., Nitsch, C., Nitsch, J. P.: The induction of flowering inNicotiana II. Photoperiodic alteration of the chlorogenic acid concentration. - Amer. J. Bot.52: 271–277, 1965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Academia 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Surinder Kumar
    • 1
  • K. K. Nanda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

Personalised recommendations