A study of comfort performance in cotton and polyester blended fabrics. I. Vertical wicking behavior
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Vertical wicking model was developed based on Darcy’s law. In the model, permeability coefficient, capillary pressure and fabric thickness were used as the key parameters to describe wicking behavior. For the simulation and test, fiber type and fabric structure were chosen as variables. In a highly porous knit fabric, gravitational effect during the wicking process was significant. The higher the capillary pressure was, the higher was the wicking rise. Surface wetting tension, i.e., the specific fluid affinity of material, was newly defined to characterize different capillary pressures in various types of fabric structures. The model, the methodology and the results could provide an insight into fabric design to produce fabric with an optimum wicking performance.
KeywordsAbsorbency Capillary pressure Permeability Pore size Surface wetting tension Wicking
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