Advertisement

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 184–191 | Cite as

Nutritional disorders among children below 5 years in a rural community

  • J. S. Mathur
  • S. K. Mehrotra
  • B. B. Maheshwari
Article

Summary

30.2 per cent of children examined had nutritional disorders and 80.3 per cent of these nutritional disorders were in the 6-months to 4-years age groups. Protein calorie malnutrition was found in 1.9 per cent of children. The common deficiency signs observed were pale conjunctiva (18.3 per cent), bleeding spongy gums (0.9 per cent) pigeon chest (0.9 per cent), Bitot’s spots (4.9 per cent); retarded growth and skin changes (1.9 per cent each). It was observed that the lower the social class, the higher was the incidence of nutritional disorders. The maximum number of cases (67.2 per cent) were seen in vegetarian families. 26.8 per cent cases had delayed milestones. Children of birth order III had the maximum incidence of nutritional disorders. 69.3 per cent of children were 15–30 pounds in weight and 64.3 per cent had a height of 18–30 inches. There was a highly positive correlation between height and weight of the children.

Keywords

Social Class Birth Order Infant Feeding Cent Case Nutritional Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Dutta Banik, N.D., Krishna, R., Mane, S.I.S., RajLileand Taskar, A.D. (1970). A longitudinal study of physical growth of children from birth to 5 years of age in Delhi.Indian J. med. Res. 58, 137.Google Scholar
  2. Gopalan, C. and Raghavan, V.K. (1969). Nutrition Atlas of India, National Institute of Nutrition, I.C M.R., Hyderabad-13.Google Scholar
  3. Harish Chandra, Venkatachalam, P.S., Belavady, B., Reddy, Vinodini and Gopalan, C. (1960). Some observations on vitamin A deficiency in Indian children.Indian J. Chid. Hlth 9 589.Google Scholar
  4. Majumdar, B.N. (1953). Observations on pre-school age children of West Bengal for protein malnutrition and other nutritional deficiencies (Quoted by Patwardhan, V.N. 1961), 2nd Edition.Indian J. med. Sciences, New Queen’s Road, Bombay-4.Google Scholar
  5. Mittal, V.S. and Agarwal, K.N. (1969). Observations on nutritional megaloblastic anaemia in early childhood.Indian J. med. Res. 57, 730.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Pohowalla, J.N, and Rangam (1955). Quoted by Uberoi, I.S. (1966) A study of pattern of diseases in children (1–10 years-age group) with special reference to nutritional disorders in a group of villages of Kalyanpur in Kanpur University.Unpublished.Google Scholar
  7. Patwardhan, V.N. (1961). Nutrition in India, 2nd Edition.Indian J. med. Sciences, New Queen’s Road, Bombay-4.Google Scholar
  8. Prasad, B.G. (1970). Changes proposed in the social classification of Indian families.J.I.MA 55, 193.Google Scholar
  9. Rao, K.S., Swaminathan, M.C., Swarup, S. and Patwardhan, V.N. (1959). Protein malnutrition in South India.Bull. W.H.O. 20, 603.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Uberoi, I.S. (1966). A study of pattern of diseases in children (1–10 years-age group) with special reference to nutritional disorders in a group of villages of Kalyanpur in Kanpur University.Unpublished.Google Scholar
  11. Udani, P.M. (1962). Morbidity and mortality.Indian J. Chid. Hlth. 11, 239.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Mathur
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. K. Mehrotra
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. B. Maheshwari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social & Preventive MedicineG.S V.M, Medical CollegeKanpur
  2. 2.Unit of Statistics and Demography (Post Partum), Department of GynaecologyS.N. Medical CollegeAgra

Personalised recommendations