Advertisement

The DEAR case

  • The DEAR Collaboration
  • S. Bianco
  • A. M. Bragadireanu
  • F. L. Fabbri
  • C. Guaraldo
  • M. Iliescu
  • T. M. Ito
  • V. Lucherini
  • C. Petrascu
  • M. Bregant
  • E. Milotti
  • A. Vacchi
  • E. Zavattini
  • M. Augsburger
  • D. Chatellard
  • P. Knowles
  • F. Mulhauser
  • L. A. Schaller
  • L. Schellenberg
  • H. Schneuwly
  • J. P. Egger
  • D. Varidel
  • W. H. Breunlich
  • M. Cargnelli
  • B. Gartner
  • R. King
  • B. Lauss
  • J. Marton
  • J. Zmeskal
  • T. Ponta
  • S. N. Nakamura
  • T. Koike
  • R. S. Hayano
  • M. Hori
  • T. Ishikawa
  • T. Ishiwatari
  • M. Iwasaki
  • Y. Akaishi
  • G. Beer
  • A. C. Sanderson
  • R. Seki
Article

References

  1. [1]
    Dalitz R. H. et al., Proceedings of the Conference on Hypernuclear and Kaon Physics, edited byB. Povh, Max-Plank Institute Report MPI H-1982-V20 (MPI, Heidelberg 1982), p. 201.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Deser S. et al., Phys. Rev.,96 (1954) 774;Trueman T. L.,Nucl. Phys.,26 (1961) 57;Deloff A.,Phys. Rev. C,13 (1976) 730.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Davies J. D. et al., Phys. Lett. B,83 (1979) 55.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Izycki M. et al., Z. Phys. A,297 (1980) 11.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bird P. M. et al., Nucl. Phys. A,404 (1983) 482.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6] a)
    Iwasaki M. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.,78 (1997) 3067ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [6] b)
    Nakamura S. N. et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A,408 (1998) 438ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [6] c)
    Ito T. M. et al., Phys. Rev. C,58 (1998) 2366.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [7]
    Seki R.,Phys. Rev.,182 (1969) 1773.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [8]
    Thomas A. W. andLandau R. H.,Phys. Rep.,3 (1980) 121.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [9]
    Toker G., Gal A. andEisenberg J. M.,Nucl. Phys. A,362 (1981) 405.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [10]
    Torres M., Dalitz R. H. andDeloff A.,Phys. Lett. B,174 (1986) 213.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [11]
    Bahaoui A. et al., Nucl. Phys. A,508 (1990) 335c.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [12]
    Pagels H.,Phys. Rep.,16 (1975) 219;Reya E.,Rev. Mod. Phys.,46 (1974) 545.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [13]
    Gunion J. F., McNamee P. C. andScadron M. D.,Nucl. Phys. B,123 (1977) 445.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [14]
    Gasser J., Leutwyler H. andSainio M. E.,Phys. Lett. B,253 (1991) 252; 260.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [15]
    Bernard V., Kaiser N. andMeissner U.-G.,Z. Phys. C,60 (1993) 111.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [16]
    Borasoy B., hep-ph/9807453 (1998).Google Scholar
  19. [17]
    Donoghue J.,Holstein B. andBorasoy B., hep-ph/9804281 (1998); hep-ph/9803312 (1998).Google Scholar
  20. [18]
    Reya E.,Phys. Rev. D,7 (1973) 3472.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [19]
    Gensini P. M.,J. Phys. G,7 (1981) 1177.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [20]
    Gensini P. M., hep-ph/9804344 (1998).Google Scholar
  23. [21]
    Di Claudio B., Violini G. andRodriguez-Vargas A. M.,Lett. Nuovo Cimento,26 (1979) 555;Martin A. D. andViolini G.,Nuovo Cimento,30 (1981) 105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [22]
    Dalitz R. H. andDeloff A.,J. Phys. G,17 (1991) 289; (Erratum)19 (1993) 1423.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [23]
    Particle Data Group,Eur. Phys. J. C,3 (1998) 695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [24]
    Dumbrajs O. et al., Nucl. Phys. B,216 (1983) 277.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [25]
    Barnes T. andSwanson E. S.,Phys. Rev. C,49 (1994) 1166.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [26]
    Nasrallah N. F. andSchilcher K.,Phys. Rev. D,7 (1973) 810.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [27]
    Gensini P. M.,Nuovo Cimento A,60 (1980) 234.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [28]
    EMCCollaboration (Ashman J.et al.),Nucl. Phys. B,328 (1989) 1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [29]
    E142Collaboration (Anthony P. L.et al.),Phys. Rev. D,54 (1996) 6620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [30]
    SMCCollaboration (Adeva B.et al.),Phys. Rev. D,58 (1998) 112001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [31]
    E143Collaboration (Abe K.et al.),Phys. Rev. D,58 (1998) 112003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [32]
    E154Collaboration (Abe K.et al.),Phys. Rev. Lett.,79 (1997) 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [33]
    HERMESCollaboration (Ackerstaff K.et al.),Phys. Lett. B,404 (1997) 383;Airapetian A.et al., Phys. Lett. B,442 (1998) 484;Ackerstaff K.et al., Phys. Lett. B,444 (1998) 534.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [34]
    Hatsuda T. andKunihiro T.,Nucl. Phys. B,387 (1992) 715;Decker R.,Leize Th. andNovakowski M.,Phys. Lett. B,244 (1990) 497;Jaffe R. andManohar A.,Nucl. Phys. B,337 (1990) 509.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [35]
    Ioffe B. L. andKarliner M.,Phys. Lett. B,247 (1990) 387;Fritzsch H.,Phys. Lett.B,256 (1991) 75;Koepf W.,Henley E. M. andPollock S. J.,Phys. Lett. B,228 (1992) 11;Musolf M. J. andBurkardt M.,Z. Phys. C,61 (1994) 433.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [36]
    Mueller B. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.,78 (1997) 3824; private communication with R.McKeown.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [37]
    TJNAF experiment E91-017 (Beck D., spokesperson); E91-010 (Souder P. andFinn J., spokesperson); E91-004 (Beise E. J., spokesperson).Google Scholar
  40. [38]
    Mainz Proposal A4/1-93, 94-11 (von Harrach D., spokesperson).Google Scholar
  41. [39]
    Cheng T.-P. andLi L.-F.,Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics (Clarendon Press, Oxford) 1984, Section 5.5.Google Scholar
  42. [40]
    Gasser J. andLeutwyler H.,Phys. Rep.,87 (1982) 77;Gasser J.,Ann. Phys. (N.Y.),136 (1981) 62.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [41]
    Jaffe R. L. andKorpa C. L.,Comments Nucl. Part. Phys.,17 (1987) 163.Google Scholar
  44. [42]
    Koike T., Harada T. andAkaishi Y.,Phys. Rev. C,53 (1996) 79.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [43]
    Beynon J. D. E. andLamb D. R.,Charge-coupled Devices and their Applications (McGraw Hill, London) 1980.Google Scholar
  46. [44]
    Boyle W. S. andSmith G. E.,Bell Syst. Tech. J.,49 (1970) 587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [45]
    Charpak G. andSauli F.,Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci.,34 (1984) 285.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [46]
    Rodgers R. L.,Charge-coupled imager for 525-line television, Digest of IEEE Intercon, March 1974, Session 2.Google Scholar
  49. [47]
    Culhane J. L.,Nucl. Instrum. Methods A,310 (1991) 1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [48]
    Egger J.-P., Chatellard D. andJeannet E.,Particle World,3 (1993) 139;Fiorucci G.et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A,292 (1990) 141;Varidel D.et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A,292 (1990) 147.Google Scholar
  51. [49]
    EEV (English Electric Valve), Waterhouse Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, CM12QU, England.Google Scholar
  52. [50]
    Sigg D.,Nucl. Instrum. Methods A,345 (1994) 107.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. [51]
    Anagnostopoulos D. et al., Phys. At. Nuclei,59 (1996) 1503.Google Scholar
  54. [52]
    Lauss B.,Kaskade und Transfer von Myonen in Wasserstoff, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Vienna, 1997.Google Scholar
  55. [53]
    Vignola G.,DAΦNE: the first ϕ-Factory, inProceedings of the 5th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC’96),Sitges (Barcelona), edited byS. Myres et al. (Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia) 1996, p. 22.Google Scholar
  56. [54]
    Sullivan M.,Preliminary Background Calculations for DAΦNE, DAΦNE Technical Note IR-2, 1993.Google Scholar
  57. [55]
    Guiducci S.,Background in the KLOE IR due to Touschek Scattering, DAΦNE Technical Note IR-5, 1994.Google Scholar
  58. [56]
    Guiducci S.,Background Evaluation in DAΦNE, DAΦNE Technical Note IR-6, 1995.Google Scholar
  59. [57]
    Guiducci S.,Background calculation for the DAΦNE experiments, inProceedings of the 5th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC’96),Sitges (Barcelona), edited byS. Myres et al. (Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia) 1996, p. 1365.Google Scholar
  60. [58]
    Carey D. C., Report NAL-64, Dec. 1971.Google Scholar
  61. [59]
    Brown K. L.,Carey D. C. andIselin Ch., SLAC-246 UC-28 (1/A) 1982.Google Scholar
  62. [60]
    Kozanecki W. andMatthews J., TURTLE (TUR-107 A version) program manual, SLAC Library.Google Scholar
  63. [61]
    Rossi B.,High Energy Particles (Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliff, N.J.) 1952.Google Scholar
  64. [62]
    Guiducci S. andIliescu M.,Beamgas Background Calculation for DEAR, Frascati Report LNF-97/002 (IR) (1997).Google Scholar
  65. [63]
    Brun R.et al., GEANT3, CERN Report DD/EE/84-1 (1987).Google Scholar
  66. [64]
    Seltzer S. M. andBerger M. J.,Nucl. Instrum. Methods B,12 (1985) 95.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [65]
    King R.,Statistical and Systematic Errors in the DEAR Experiment, DEAR Technical Note IR-3, 1998.Google Scholar
  68. [66]
    King R. andPetrascu C.,Linearity Test of DEAR CCDs, DEAR Technical Note IR-4, 1998.Google Scholar
  69. [67]
    Ito T. M.,Periodic Stability Check in DEAR, DEAR Technical Note IR-1, 1997.Google Scholar
  70. [68]
    Ito T. M. andKing R.,Summary of Foil Measurements, Foil Monte Carlo, and Recommendations for the Long Term Calibration, DEAR Technical Note IR-2, 1998.Google Scholar
  71. [69]
    Bearden J. A.,Rev. Mod. Phys.,39 (1967) 78;Bearden J. A. andBurr A. F.,Rev. Mod. Phys.,39 (1967) 125.ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  72. [70]
    Ito T. M.,Observation of Kaonic Hydrogen Atom X-rays, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Tokyo, UTPN-227, 1997.Google Scholar
  73. [71]
    Borie E. andLeon M.,Phys. Rev. A,21 (1980) 1460.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [72]
    Burleson G. R. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.,15 (1965) 70;Berezin S.et al., Phys. Lett. B,30 (1969) 27.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. [73]
    Wiegand C. E. andPehl R. H.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,27 (1971) 1410.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. [74]
    Batty C.,Nucl. Phys. A,326 (1979) 455;Baird S.et al., Nucl. Phys. A,392 (1983) 297.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. [75]
    Friedmann E., private communication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • The DEAR Collaboration
  • S. Bianco
    • 1
  • A. M. Bragadireanu
    • 1
    • 6
  • F. L. Fabbri
    • 1
  • C. Guaraldo
    • 1
  • M. Iliescu
    • 1
  • T. M. Ito
    • 1
    • 13
  • V. Lucherini
    • 1
  • C. Petrascu
    • 1
  • M. Bregant
    • 2
  • E. Milotti
    • 2
  • A. Vacchi
    • 2
  • E. Zavattini
    • 2
  • M. Augsburger
    • 3
  • D. Chatellard
    • 3
  • P. Knowles
    • 3
  • F. Mulhauser
    • 3
  • L. A. Schaller
    • 3
  • L. Schellenberg
    • 3
  • H. Schneuwly
    • 3
  • J. P. Egger
    • 4
  • D. Varidel
    • 4
  • W. H. Breunlich
    • 5
  • M. Cargnelli
    • 5
  • B. Gartner
    • 5
  • R. King
    • 5
  • B. Lauss
    • 5
  • J. Marton
    • 5
  • J. Zmeskal
    • 5
  • T. Ponta
    • 6
  • S. N. Nakamura
    • 7
  • T. Koike
    • 8
  • R. S. Hayano
    • 9
  • M. Hori
    • 9
  • T. Ishikawa
    • 9
  • T. Ishiwatari
    • 10
  • M. Iwasaki
    • 10
  • Y. Akaishi
    • 11
  • G. Beer
    • 12
  • A. C. Sanderson
    • 12
  • R. Seki
    • 13
    • 14
  1. 1.Laboratori Nazionali di FrascatiINFNFrascatiItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Trieste and INFNTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Institute de PhysiqueUniversité de FribourgFribourgSwitzerland
  4. 4.Institute de PhysiqueUniversité de NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  5. 5.Institute for Medium Energy PhysicsViennaAustria
  6. 6.Department of High Energy PhysicsInstitute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering “Horia Hulubei”MagureleRomania
  7. 7.Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)SaitamaJapan
  8. 8.Department of PhysicsHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  9. 9.Department of PhysicsUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  10. 10.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan
  11. 11.High Energy Accelerator Research OrganizationKEKTokyoJapan
  12. 12.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  13. 13.W.K. Kellogg Radiation LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  14. 14.Department of Physics and AstrophysicsCalifornia State UniversityNorthridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations